Estimating the Incidences of the Recent Pension Reform in China: Evidence from 100,000 Manufacturers
An ongoing reform in China mandates employers to contribute significant amounts to employee pension funds. The current study estimates the impact of this reform on the wage, employment and performance of firms using data from over 140,000 medium and large manufacturers in China during 2004 and 2006. We find that the nominal wages of employees were rigid but their real wages may have declined due to the pension reform. In addition, we find an interesting dichotomy in the incidences of pension reform. In localities with high agglomeration levels, firms\' profits declined because the pension burden could not be fully transferred to employees. In less agglomerated jurisdictions, firms responded positively to pension reform, possibly because local governments over-subsidized the pension costs as a way to attract investment.
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- Javier Alonso & Jasmina Bjeletic & Carlos Herrera & Soledad Hormazabal & Ivonne Ordonez & Carolina Romero & David Tuesta & Alfonso Ugarte Ruiz, 2010. "Projections of the Impact of Pension Funds on Investment in Infrastructure and Growth in Latin America," Working Papers 1002, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
- Angel De la Fuente & Jose Emilio Bosca, 2011.
"Gasto educativo por regiones y niveles en 2005,"
1119, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
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