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Multi-Criteria Decision Making on the Energy Supply Configuration of Autonomous Desalination Units


  • Dimitris Georgiou

    () ("Postgraduate program in Agribusiness Management Agricultural University of Athens")

  • Essam Sh. Mohammed

    () (Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens)

  • Stelios Rozakis

    () ("Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development Agricultural University of Athens")


The important energy requirements for the desalination process impose especially in remote plants supply by Renewable Energy Sources (RES). In this paper five alternative energy generation topologies of Reverse Osmosis desalination process are evaluated. Proposed topologies assessed in terms of economic, environmental, technological and societal indices are compared using multi-criteria analysis, namely the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and PROMETHEE. Ranking of topologies resulted in the selection of direct connection and hybrid configuration. In case of economic priorities prevail diesel generation should also be considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitris Georgiou & Essam Sh. Mohammed & Stelios Rozakis, 2013. "Multi-Criteria Decision Making on the Energy Supply Configuration of Autonomous Desalination Units," Working Papers 2013-6, Agricultural University of Athens, Department Of Agricultural Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:aua:wpaper:2013-6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Raju, Komaragiri Srinivasa & Pillai, C. R. S., 1999. "Multicriterion decision making in river basin planning and development," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 112(2), pages 249-257, January.
    2. Beccali, M. & Cellura, M. & Mistretta, M., 2003. "Decision-making in energy planning. Application of the Electre method at regional level for the diffusion of renewable energy technology," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(13), pages 2063-2087.
    3. Aras, Haydar & Erdoğmuş, Şenol & Koç, Eylem, 2004. "Multi-criteria selection for a wind observation station location using analytic hierarchy process," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1383-1392.
    4. Macharis, Cathy & Springael, Johan & De Brucker, Klaas & Verbeke, Alain, 2004. "PROMETHEE and AHP: The design of operational synergies in multicriteria analysis.: Strengthening PROMETHEE with ideas of AHP," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 153(2), pages 307-317, March.
    5. Bertrand Mareschal & Jean Pierre Brans & Philippe Vincke, 1986. "How to select and how to rank projects: the Prométhée method," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/9307, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    6. Haralambopoulos, D.A. & Polatidis, H., 2003. "Renewable energy projects: structuring a multi-criteria group decision-making framework," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 961-973.
    7. Catalina, Tiberiu & Virgone, Joseph & Blanco, Eric, 2011. "Multi-source energy systems analysis using a multi-criteria decision aid methodology," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2245-2252.
    8. Eltawil, Mohamed A. & Zhengming, Zhao & Yuan, Liqiang, 2009. "A review of renewable energy technologies integrated with desalination systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(9), pages 2245-2262, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Athanasios Kolios & Varvara Mytilinou & Estivaliz Lozano-Minguez & Konstantinos Salonitis, 2016. "A Comparative Study of Multiple-Criteria Decision-Making Methods under Stochastic Inputs," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(7), pages 1-21, July.
    2. Abbas Mardani & Ahmad Jusoh & Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas & Fausto Cavallaro & Zainab Khalifah, 2015. "Sustainable and Renewable Energy: An Overview of the Application of Multiple Criteria Decision Making Techniques and Approaches," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(10), pages 1-38, October.

    More about this item


    desalination; reverse osmosis; topologies; multi-criteria analysis; renewable energy sources.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • C44 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Operations Research; Statistical Decision Theory

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