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Inference on LATEs with covariates

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  • Tom Boot
  • Didier Nibbering

Abstract

In theory, two-stage least squares (TSLS) identifies a weighted average of covariate-specific local average treatment effects (LATEs) from a saturated specification without making parametric assumptions on how available covariates enter the model. In practice, TSLS is severely biased when saturation leads to a number of control dummies that is of the same order of magnitude as the sample size, and the use of many, arguably weak, instruments. This paper derives asymptotically valid tests and confidence intervals for an estimand that identifies the weighted average of LATEs targeted by saturated TSLS, even when the number of control dummies and instrument interactions is large. The proposed inference procedure is robust against four key features of saturated economic data: treatment effect heterogeneity, covariates with rich support, weak identification strength, and conditional heteroskedasticity.

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  • Tom Boot & Didier Nibbering, 2024. "Inference on LATEs with covariates," Papers 2402.12607, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2402.12607
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    References listed on IDEAS

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