Finite-Sample Instrumental Variables Inference Using An Asymptotically Pivotal Statistic
We consider the K-statistic, Kleibergen s (2002, Econometrica 70, 1781 1803) adaptation of the Anderson Rubin (AR) statistic in instrumental variables regression. Whereas Kleibergen (2002) especially analyzes the asymptotic behavior of the statistic, we focus on finite-sample properties in a Gaussian framework. The AR statistic then has an F-distribution. The finite-sample distribution of the K-statistic is, however, affected by nuisance parameters. We consider two extreme cases for the nuisance parameters, which provide tight bounds for the exact distribution. The first case amounts to perfect identification which is similar to the asymptotic case where the statistic has an F-distribution. In the other extreme case there is total underidentification. For the latter case we show how to compute the exact distribution. We thus provide tight bounds for exact confidence sets based on the K-statistic. Asymptotically the two bounds converge, except when there is a large number of redundant instruments.The authors research documented in this paper has been funded by the NWO Vernieuwingsimpuls research grant Empirical Comparison of Economic Models.
Volume (Year): 19 (2003)
Issue (Month): 05 (October)
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