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Local-Polynomial Estimation for Multivariate Regression Discontinuity Designs

Author

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  • Masayuki Sawada
  • Takuya Ishihara
  • Daisuke Kurisu
  • Yasumasa Matsuda

Abstract

We introduce a multivariate local-linear estimator for multivariate regression discontinuity designs in which treatment is assigned by crossing a boundary in the space of running variables. The dominant approach uses the Euclidean distance from a boundary point as the scalar running variable; hence, multivariate designs are handled as uni-variate designs. However, the distance running variable is incompatible with the assumption for asymptotic validity. We handle multivariate designs as multivariate. In this study, we develop a novel asymptotic normality for multivariate local-polynomial estimators. Our estimator is asymptotically valid and can capture heterogeneous treatment effects over the boundary. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our estimator through numerical simulations. Our empirical illustration of a Colombian scholarship study reveals a richer heterogeneity (including its absence) of the treatment effect that is hidden in the original estimates.

Suggested Citation

  • Masayuki Sawada & Takuya Ishihara & Daisuke Kurisu & Yasumasa Matsuda, 2024. "Local-Polynomial Estimation for Multivariate Regression Discontinuity Designs," Papers 2402.08941, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2402.08941
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    References listed on IDEAS

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