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Religion and Terrorism: Evidence from Ramadan Fasting

Author

Listed:
  • Roland Hodler
  • Paul Raschky
  • Anthony Strittmatter

Abstract

We study the effect of religion and intense religious experiences on terrorism by focusing on one of the five pillars of Islam: Ramadan fasting. For identification, we exploit two facts: First, daily fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan is considered mandatory for most Muslims. Second, the Islamic calendar is not synchronized with the solar cycle. We find a robust negative effect of more intense Ramadan fasting on terrorist events within districts and country-years in predominantly Muslim countries. This effect seems to operate partly through decreases in public support for terrorism and the operational capabilities of terrorist groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Roland Hodler & Paul Raschky & Anthony Strittmatter, 2018. "Religion and Terrorism: Evidence from Ramadan Fasting," Papers 1810.09869, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1810.09869
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1810.09869
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    References listed on IDEAS

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