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High frequency market microstructure noise estimates and liquidity measures

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  • Yacine Ait-Sahalia
  • Jialin Yu

Abstract

Using recent advances in the econometrics literature, we disentangle from high frequency observations on the transaction prices of a large sample of NYSE stocks a fundamental component and a microstructure noise component. We then relate these statistical measurements of market microstructure noise to observable characteristics of the underlying stocks and, in particular, to different financial measures of their liquidity. We find that more liquid stocks based on financial characteristics have lower noise and noise-to-signal ratio measured from their high frequency returns. We then examine whether there exists a common, market-wide, factor in high frequency stock-level measurements of noise, and whether that factor is priced in asset returns.

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  • Yacine Ait-Sahalia & Jialin Yu, 2009. "High frequency market microstructure noise estimates and liquidity measures," Papers 0906.1444, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0906.1444
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Darrell Duffie & Piotr Dworczak, 2014. "Robust Benchmark Design," NBER Working Papers 20540, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. repec:eee:econom:v:201:y:2017:i:1:p:127-143 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. A. Saichev & D. Sornette, 2012. "A simple microstructure return model explaining microstructure noise and Epps effects," Papers 1202.3915, arXiv.org.
    4. Hounyo, Ulrich, 2017. "Bootstrapping integrated covariance matrix estimators in noisy jump–diffusion models with non-synchronous trading," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 197(1), pages 130-152.
    5. Lee Jihyun & Kim Tong S & Lee Hoe Kyung, 2010. "Return-Volatility Relationship in High Frequency Data: Multiscale Horizon Dependency," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 15(1), pages 1-43, December.
    6. Liu, Lily Y. & Patton, Andrew J. & Sheppard, Kevin, 2015. "Does anything beat 5-minute RV? A comparison of realized measures across multiple asset classes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 293-311.
    7. Nikolai Dokuchaev, 2012. "On statistical indistinguishability of the complete and incomplete markets," Papers 1209.4695, arXiv.org, revised May 2013.
    8. Mathias Pohl & Alexander Ristig & Walter Schachermayer & Ludovic Tangpi, 2018. "Theoretical and empirical analysis of trading activity," Papers 1803.04892, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2018.
    9. Kim Christensen & Ulrich Hounyo & Mark Podolskij, 0509. "Is the diurnal pattern sufficient to explain the intraday variation in volatility? A nonparametric assessment," CREATES Research Papers 2017-30, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    10. repec:eee:econom:v:200:y:2017:i:1:p:79-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Amaya, Diego & Christoffersen, Peter & Jacobs, Kris & Vasquez, Aurelio, 2015. "Does realized skewness predict the cross-section of equity returns?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 135-167.
    12. Großmaß Lidan, 2014. "Liquidity and the Value at Risk," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 234(5), pages 572-602, October.
    13. Xu, Zheng, 2013. "Estimation of parametric homogeneous stochastic volatility pricing formulae based on option data," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 120(3), pages 369-373.
    14. Xiu, Dacheng, 2010. "Quasi-maximum likelihood estimation of volatility with high frequency data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 235-250, November.
    15. Kim Christensen & Ulrich Hounyo & Mark Podolskij, 2016. "Testing for heteroscedasticity in jumpy and noisy high-frequency data: A resampling approach," CREATES Research Papers 2016-27, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    16. Selma Chaker, 2013. "Volatility and Liquidity Costs," Staff Working Papers 13-29, Bank of Canada.
    17. Malgorzata Doman, 2010. "Liquidity and Market Microstructure Noise: Evidence from the Pekao Data," Dynamic Econometric Models, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 10, pages 5-14.
    18. Richard Y. Chen & Per A. Mykland, 2015. "Model-Free Approaches to Discern Non-Stationary Microstructure Noise and Time-Varying Liquidity in High-Frequency Data," Papers 1512.06159, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2017.
    19. Peter Christoffersen & Bruno Feunou & Yoontae Jeon & Chayawat Ornthanalai, 2016. "Time-Varying Crash Risk: The Role of Stock Market Liquidity," Staff Working Papers 16-35, Bank of Canada.
    20. Magdalena Osinska & Andrzej Dobrzynski & Yochanan Shachmurove, 2016. "Performance Of American And Russian Joint Stock Companies On Financial Market. A Microstructure Perspective," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 11(4), pages 819-851, December.
    21. Linton, O. & Mahmoodzadeh, S., 2018. "Implications of High-Frequency Trading for Security Markets," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1802, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    22. Ghysels, Eric & Sinko, Arthur, 2011. "Volatility forecasting and microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 257-271, January.

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