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Option Pricing Model Based on a Markov-modulated Diffusion with Jumps

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  • Nikita Ratanov

Abstract

The paper proposes a class of financial market models which are based on inhomogeneous telegraph processes and jump diffusions with alternating volatilities. It is assumed that the jumps occur when the tendencies and volatilities are switching. We argue that such a model captures well the stock price dynamics under periodic financial cycles. The distribution of this process is described in detail. For this model we obtain the structure of the set of martingale measures. This incomplete model can be completed by adding another asset based on the same sources of randomness. Explicit closed-form formulae for prices of the standard European options are obtained for the completed market model.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikita Ratanov, 2008. "Option Pricing Model Based on a Markov-modulated Diffusion with Jumps," Papers 0812.0761, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0812.0761
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0812.0761
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Elliott & John van der Hoek, 1997. "An application of hidden Markov models to asset allocation problems (*)," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 229-238.
    2. M. Montero, 2008. "Renewal equations for option pricing," The European Physical Journal B: Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, Springer;EDP Sciences, vol. 65(2), pages 295-306, September.
    3. Alessandro De Gregorio & Stefano M. Iacus, 2007. "Change point estimation for the telegraph process observed at discrete times," Papers 0705.0503, arXiv.org.
    4. Merton, Robert C., 1976. "Option pricing when underlying stock returns are discontinuous," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 125-144.
    5. Robert C. Merton, 2005. "Theory of rational option pricing," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Theory Of Valuation, chapter 8, pages 229-288 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    6. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-654, May-June.
    7. X. Guo, 2001. "Information and option pricings," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 38-44.
    8. Clark, Peter K, 1973. "A Subordinated Stochastic Process Model with Finite Variance for Speculative Prices," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(1), pages 135-155, January.
    9. Cox, John C. & Ross, Stephen A., 1976. "The valuation of options for alternative stochastic processes," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 145-166.
    10. Mazza, Christian & Rulliere, Didier, 2004. "A link between wave governed random motions and ruin processes," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 205-222, October.
    11. Benoit Mandelbrot, 2015. "The Variation of Certain Speculative Prices," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: THE WORLD SCIENTIFIC HANDBOOK OF FUTURES MARKETS, chapter 3, pages 39-78 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
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    Cited by:

    1. Igor G. Pospelov & Stanislav A. Radionov, 2015. "Optimal Dividend Policy When Cash Surplus Follows The Telegraph Process," HSE Working papers WP BRP 48/FE/2015, National Research University Higher School of Economics.

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