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The Construction of a Tax and Expenditure Limitation Index for the US


  • Amiel, Lindsay
  • Deller, Steven C.
  • Stallmann, Judith I.


This report provides detail on the construction of an index of tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) for the 50 US states for the time-frame 1969 to 2005. Separate annual indices are constructed for TELs on state and on local governments. The goal of constructing the indices is to provide a means to test a range of hypotheses concerning the impact of TELs on economic performance and on state and local government fiscal policies. This report documents the construction of the index. The data are provided in Excel spreadsheets so that others may construct alternative indices.

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  • Amiel, Lindsay & Deller, Steven C. & Stallmann, Judith I., 2009. "The Construction of a Tax and Expenditure Limitation Index for the US," Staff Papers 92231, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:wisagr:92231

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    1. Cutler, David M. & Elmendorf, Douglas W. & Zeckhauser, Richard, 1999. "Restraining the Leviathan: property tax limitation in Massachusetts," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 313-334, March.
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    1. repec:oup:publus:v:47:y:2017:i:1:p:99-130. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:bla:pbudge:v:36:y:2016:i:4:p:111-130 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yakovlev, Pavel & Tosun, Mehmet S. & Lewis, William P., 2012. "Legislative Term Limits and State Aid to Local Governments," IZA Discussion Papers 6456, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. repec:eee:ecmode:v:73:y:2018:i:c:p:174-183 is not listed on IDEAS

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