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Households Demand for Staple Cereal Commodities in Burkina Faso

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  • Traore, Togo M.
  • Fields, Deacue

Abstract

With a population increasing rapidly and agricultural yields stagnant over the years, access to food is a major challenge in Burkina Faso. This study investigates households demand for staple cereal commodities in Burkina Faso, using data from the 2009/10 integrated household living condition survey. A complete demand system (AIDS) model is estimated taking into account demographics and zero consumption. Results show that maize, millet and sorghum are necessities while rice is considered a luxury. Demand for maize, millet and sorghum are less price elastic than rice. These results are consistent for most households except for wealthy, educated households living in urban areas where rice becomes a necessity. The analysis of the evolution of cereal prices shows an overall increase leaving many people in food insecurity and causing food riots.

Suggested Citation

  • Traore, Togo M. & Fields, Deacue, 2016. "Households Demand for Staple Cereal Commodities in Burkina Faso," 2016 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas 229989, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:saea16:229989
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas A. Reardon & Taladidia Thiombiano & Christopher L. Delgado, 1989. "L'importance des céréales non traditionnelles dans la consommation des riches et des pauvres à Ouagadoudou," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 190(1), pages 9-14.
    2. Zheng, Zhihao & Henneberry, Shida Rastegari, 2010. "An Analysis of Food Grain Consumption in Urban Jiangsu Province of China," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 42(02), May.
    3. Savadogo, Kimseyinga & Brandt, Jon A., 1988. "Household food demand in Burkina Faso: Implications for food policy," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 2(4), pages 345-364, December.
    4. J. Scott Shonkwiler & Steven T. Yen, 1999. "Two-Step Estimation of a Censored System of Equations," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(4), pages 972-982.
    5. Steven T. Yen & Biing-Hwan Lin & David M. Smallwood, 2003. "Quasi- and Simulated-Likelihood Approaches to Censored Demand Systems: Food Consumption by Food Stamp Recipients in the United States," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(2), pages 458-478.
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    10. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-326, June.
    11. Dale M. Heien & Cathy Roheim Wessells, 1988. "The Demand for Dairy Products: Structure, Prediction, and Decomposition," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 70(2), pages 219-228.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    AIDS model; staple cereals demand; consumption patterns; Burkina Faso.; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; D12; Q11; Q18;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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