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The Term Structure Of Implied Forward Volatility: Recovery And Informational Content In The Corn Options Market

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  • Egelkraut, Thorsten M.
  • Garcia, Philip
  • Sherrick, Bruce J.

Abstract

Options with different maturities can be used to generate volatility estimates for non-overlapping future time intervals. This paper develops the term structure of volatility implied by corn futures options, and evaluates the informational content of the implied forward volatility as a predictor of subsequent realized volatility. Using data from 1987-2001 and employing a flexible method to obtain the implied forward volatilities, two types of information are examined: 1) the market's estimate of future realized volatility for the nearby interval of the term structure and, 2) the market's expectation of the direction and magnitude of change of future realized volatility over time. In contrast to previous research, the results indicate that the implied forward volatilities anticipate the realized volatilities provide unbiased forecasts and capture a larger portion of the systematic variability in the realized volatilities than forecasts based on historical volatilities. Using information on the direction and magnitude of change in volatility over time, we find that the early-year options forecast volatility about as well as the three-year moving average and better than the naive forecast, while later-year options and alternative forecasts are less able to predict the direction and magnitude of changing volatility. During this later-year period, the implied forward volatilities tend to over-predict the magnitude of actual volatility. Overall, we find that the term structure of volatility implied by corn futures options contains information on future realized volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Egelkraut, Thorsten M. & Garcia, Philip & Sherrick, Bruce J., 2003. "The Term Structure Of Implied Forward Volatility: Recovery And Informational Content In The Corn Options Market," 2003 Conference, April 21-22, 2003, St. Louis, Missouri 18983, NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ncrthr:18983
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.18983
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    1. Egelkraut, Thorsten M. & Garcia, Philip, 2006. "Intermediate Volatility Forecasts Using Implied Forward Volatility: The Performance of Selected Agricultural Commodity Options," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 1-21, December.
    2. Chad E. Hart & Sergio H. Lence & Dermot J. Hayes & Na Jin, 2016. "Price Mean Reversion, Seasonality, and Options Markets," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(3), pages 707-725.
    3. Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael & Wang, Yu-Ann, 2018. "Modelling volatility spillovers for bio-ethanol, sugarcane and corn spot and futures prices," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P1), pages 1002-1018.
    4. Chang, Chia-Lin & Huang, Biing-Wen & Chen, Meng-Gu & McAleer, Michael, 2011. "Modelling the asymmetric volatility in hog prices in Taiwan: The impact of joining the WTO," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 81(7), pages 1491-1506.
    5. Bozic, Marin & Newton, John & Thraen, Cameron S. & Gould, Brian W., 2012. "Parametric Bootstrap Tests for Futures Price and Implied Volatility Biases with Application to Rating Livestock Margin Insurance for Dairy Cattle," Staff Papers 135077, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    6. Zhiguang Wang & Scott W. Fausti & Bashir A. Qasmi, 2012. "Variance risk premiums and predictive power of alternative forward variances in the corn market," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 587-608, June.
    7. Huang, Biing-Wen & Chen, Meng-Gu & Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael, 2009. "Modelling risk in agricultural finance: Application to the poultry industry in Taiwan," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 79(5), pages 1472-1487.
    8. Andres Trujillo-Barrera & Philip Garcia & Mindy L Mallory, 2018. "Short-term price density forecasts in the lean hog futures market," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 45(1), pages 121-142.
    9. Adjemian, Michael K. & Bruno, Valentina & Robe, Michel A. & Wallen, Jonathan, 2017. "What Drives Volatility Expectations in Grain and Oilseed Markets?," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258452, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Bozic, Marin & Newton, John & Thraen, Cameron S. & Gould, Brian W., 2014. "Parametric Bootstrap Tests for Futures Price and Implied Volatility Biases With Application to Rating Dairy Margin Insurance," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170416, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    11. Covindassamy, Genevre & Robe, Michel A. & Wallen, Jonathan, 2020. "Sugar With Your Coffee?: Financials, Fundamentals, and Soft Price Uncertainty," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 8588, Inter-American Development Bank.
    12. Anabelle Couleau & Teresa Serra & Philip Garcia, 2020. "Are Corn Futures Prices Getting “Jumpy”?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 102(2), pages 569-588, March.
    13. Guimaraes, Jonathan S. & Cruz, Jose Cesar, 2017. "Future volatility forecast in agricultural commodity markets," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258480, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    14. Li, Xingyi & Zakamulin, Valeriy, 2020. "The term structure of volatility predictability," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 723-737.
    15. Wu, Feng & Myers, Robert J. & Guan, Zhengfei & Wang, Zhiguang, 2015. "Risk-adjusted implied volatility and its performance in forecasting realized volatility in corn futures prices," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 260-274.
    16. Thomsen, Michael R. & McKenzie, Andrew M. & Power, Gabriel J., 2009. "Volatility Surface and Skewness in Live Cattle Futures Price Distributions with Application to North American BSE Announcements," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49354, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    17. Chang, C-L. & Huang, B-W. & Chen, M-G., 2010. "Modelling the Asymmetric Volatility in Hog Prices in Taiwan," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2010-46, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.

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