IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/isae12/130551.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Capitale umano e capitale sociale in agricoltura: un’analisi delle esperienze di filiera corta della Campania interna

Author

Listed:
  • Marotta, Giuseppe
  • Nazzaro, Concetta
  • Simeone, Mariarosaria

Abstract

In light of the problems that characterize the modern agri-business in the definition of competitive strategies, based on internal, tangible and intangible resources, it becomes necessary to pay attention to business networks, or inter-company relations aimed at commercial transactions, exchange of information, shared norms and associations of resources. All this constitutes an asset for which the company needs to improve its competitive advantage. The structure of relations that allows access to these resources is the social capital, it is in the business network and it is able to create competitiveness and value for the companies. Starting from the data made available by the Census of Agriculture 2000 (ISTAT), it was decided to define and quantify specific indicators of Human Capital and Social Capital in agriculture, in order to obtain a regional characterization of Italian agriculture. These indicators were analyzed with multivariate techniques: principal component analysis (ACP) and cluster analysis. In detail, the ACP has made it possible to synthesize the original variables into a smaller number of new variables (principal components) that can be identified as variables of synthesis of the phenomenon under analysis and allowed us to develop a mapping of land areas (regional, provincial ), with similar characteristics, in relation to the principal components extracted. Then, using the cluster analysis it was possible to identify groups of regions according to different levels of human capital and social capital. Once realized the national mapping and, therefore, after having obtained a characterization of the Campania region, we proceeded with an empirical analysis of the functional relationships between social capital and human capital in agriculture in the wineries firms that have taken courses in the short chain in the inner part of Campania region. The main results come from the mapping and the identification of groups of Italian regions according to different levels of human capital and social capital. Once the national mapping was carried out we try to characterize the inner part of Campania with a detailed study of the organization of the short chain of wine and livestock companies, considering the structural, cognitive and relational components of social networking. The results have allowed us to identify the relationships between associations, cooperatives and human capital factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Marotta, Giuseppe & Nazzaro, Concetta & Simeone, Mariarosaria, 2012. "Capitale umano e capitale sociale in agricoltura: un’analisi delle esperienze di filiera corta della Campania interna," 2012 XX Convegno Annuale SIEA, Siracusa 130551, Italian Society of Agri-food Economics/Società Italiana di Economia Agro-Alimentare (SIEA).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:isae12:130551
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/130551
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Paul Wilson & Dave Hadley & Stephen Ramsden & Ioannis Kaltsas, 1998. "Measuring and Explaining Technical Efficiency in UK Potato Production," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 294-305.
    2. Lockheed, Marlaine E & Jamison, Dean T & Lau, Lawrence J, 1980. "Farmer Education and Farm Efficiency: A Survey," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(1), pages 37-76, October.
    3. Erik Mathijs & Liesbet Vranken, 2001. "Human Capital, Gender and Organisation in Transition Agriculture: Measuring and Explaining the Technical Efficiency of Bulgarian and Hungarian Farms," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 171-187.
    4. Bigsten, Arne, et al, 2000. "Rates of Return on Physical and Human Capital in Africa's Manufacturing Sector," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(4), pages 801-827, July.
    5. Kalirajan, K P, 1990. "On Measuring Economic Efficiency," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(1), pages 75-85, January-M.
    6. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Human capital; social capital; short-wine supply chain; Agribusiness; Marketing; Q12; Q18; Q19;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q19 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Other

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:isae12:130551. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/sieaaea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.