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Multifunctionality of Agriculture: An Inquiry Into the Complementarity Between Landscape Preservation and Food Security

Author

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  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens
  • Gaasland, Ivar
  • Vardal, Erling

Abstract

Without support, the levels of agricultural public goods will fall short of the demand in high cost countries like Norway, Finland and Iceland. However, as demonstrated in this paper using Norway as a case, the current support and agricultural activity is far out of proportions from a public goods perspective. Model simulations show that at most 40% of the current support level can be defended by the public good argument. Furthermore, the present support, stimulating high production levels, is badly targeted at the public goods in question. Since agricultural land is a major component of both food security and landscape preservation, thus giving rise to a high degree of cost complementarities between the two public goods, it would be more efficient to support land extensive production techniques, than production per se.

Suggested Citation

  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens & Gaasland, Ivar & Vardal, Erling, 2005. "Multifunctionality of Agriculture: An Inquiry Into the Complementarity Between Landscape Preservation and Food Security," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24470, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae05:24470
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24470
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Spreen, Thomas H., 2006. "Price Endogenous Mathematical Programming Models and Trade Analysis," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(02), August.
    2. Rigoberto A. Lopez & Farhed A. Shah & Marilyn A. Altobello, 1994. "Amenity Benefits and the Optimal Allocation of Land," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 70(1), pages 53-62.
    3. Brunstad, Rolf Jens & Gaasland, Ivar & Vardal, Erling, 1995. "Agriculture as a provider of public goods: a case study for Norway," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 39-49, October.
    4. Rolf Jens Brunstad & Ivar Gaasland & Erling Vårdal, 1999. "Agricultural Production and the Optimal Level of Landscape Preservation (," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 75(4), pages 538-546.
    5. Jeffrey M. Peterson & Richard N. Boisvert & Harry de Gorter, 2002. "Environmental policies for a multifunctional agricultural sector in open economies," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 29(4), pages 423-443, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Blandford, David & Gaasland, Ivar & Vardal Erling, 2015. "GHG abatement welfare cost curves for Norwegian agriculture," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211922, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Blandford, David & Brunstad, Rolf Jens & Gaasland, Ivar & Vardal, Erling, 2008. "Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an assessment and application to Norway," 82nd Annual Conference, March 31 - April 2, 2008, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, UK 36769, Agricultural Economics Society.
    3. Yerushalmi, Erez, 2012. "Measuring the administrative water allocation mechanism and agricultural amenities," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 992, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    4. Thilo W. Glebe & Uwe Latacz-Lohmann, 2008. "Assessing the production and welfare effects of agri-environmental policy: a conceptual analysis," Journal of Socio-Economics in Agriculture (Until 2015: Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture), Swiss Society for Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, vol. 1(1), pages 75-92.
    5. Abler, David G., 2004. "Multifunctionality, Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Policy," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 33(1), April.
    6. Huber, Robert & Lehmann, Bernard, 2010. "Economies of Scope in the Agricultural Provision of Ecosystem Services: An Application to a High Cost Production Region," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 59(2).
    7. Blandford, David & Gaasland, Ivar & Hassapoyannes, Katharina & Vardal, Erling, 2015. "Policy options for GHG mitigation under autarky: a conceptual and empirical analysis for Norway," 89th Annual Conference, April 13-15, 2015, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 204211, Agricultural Economics Society.
    8. Blandford, David & Gaasland, Ivar & Vårdal, Erling, 2014. "GHG abatement welfare cost curves for Norwegian agriculture," 88th Annual Conference, April 9-11, 2014, AgroParisTech, Paris, France 169734, Agricultural Economics Society.
    9. David Blandford & Ivar Gaasland & Roberto Garcia & Erling Vårdal, 2010. "How Effective are WTO Disciplines on Domestic Support and Market Access for Agriculture?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(11), pages 1470-1485, November.
    10. repec:eee:agisys:v:157:y:2017:i:c:p:157-169 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Kopainsky, Birgit & Flury, Christian & Giuliani, Gianluca, 2008. "Agriculture’s contribution to rural viability: An approach to estimate regional economic impacts of agricultural policy in Swiss case study regions," 107th Seminar, January 30-February 1, 2008, Sevilla, Spain 6483, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Huber, Robert, 2008. "Economies of Scope in the Agricultural Provision of Ecosystems Services: A Swiss Case Study," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43969, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    13. Gaasland, Ivar, 2009. "Agriculture versus fish - Norway in WTO," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 393-397, August.
    14. Moon, Wanki, 2010. "Multifunctional Agriculture, Protectionism, And Prospect Of Trade Liberalization," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 33(2), July.
    15. repec:eee:agisys:v:153:y:2017:i:c:p:118-126 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    food security; landscape preservation; public goods; agricultural policy; numerical model; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use;

    JEL classification:

    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources

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