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Analyzing the Impacts of the Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement on European-North American Dairy Trade Using a Joint-Input, Multi-Product Approach

  • Bishop, Phillip M.
  • Pratt, James E.
  • Novakovic, Andrew M.
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    Mathematical programming models, as typically formulated for international trade applications, may contain certain implied restrictions limiting price responsiveness, intermediate product flows, and arbitrage possibilities. These restrictions are especially important in the case of dairy, and may lead to results which are technically infeasible, or if feasible, not consistent with market equilibrating behavior. The difficulties encountered when modeling dairy trade are described, and an alternative formulation of a spatial model is presented. This formulation allows joint-inputs, multi-products, intermediate markets, and pure transshipment and product substitution forms of arbitrage.

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    Paper provided by Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management in its series Staff Papers with number 121341.

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    Date of creation: Sep 1993
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:cudasp:121341
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    1. Kym Anderson & Rod Tyers, 1988. "Agricultural Protection Growth in Advanced and Newly Industrialized Countries," School of Economics Working Papers 1988-08, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    2. Honma, Masayoshi & Hayami, Yujiro, 1986. "Structure of agricultural protection in industrial countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1-2), pages 115-129, February.
    3. Just, Richard & Lutz, Ernst & Schmitz, Andrew & Turnovsky, Stephen, 1978. "The distribution of welfare gains from price stabilization : An international perspective," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 551-563, November.
    4. Richard E. Just & Ernst Lutz & Andrew Schmitz & Stephen Tumovsky, 1977. "The Distribution of Welfare Gains from International Price Stabilization under Distortions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 59(4), pages 652-661.
    5. Giovanni Anania & Alex F. McCalla, 1991. "Does Arbitraging Matter? Spatial Trade Models and Discriminatory Trade Policies," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(1), pages 103-117.
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