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Biotechnology and the Quest for Food Security: Panacea, Panoply or Palliative?

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  • Ryan, James G.

Abstract

Biotechnology can help confer traits in crops and livestock that enhance yields and quality and reduce costs, often with attendant benefits to the environment. In economic terms biotechnology offers the potential of substantially reducing the research time and costs of genetically enhancing crops and livestock. Biotechnology is viewed as a way of substantially lifting yield potentials in much the same way as conventional breeding did with the dwarfing genes leading to the Green Revolution in rice and wheat in the 1960s. To realise this potential for developing countries will require more explicit attention to their priorities and an array of complementary investments and policies. These include an increased focus on ‘orphan crops’ and traits of particular relevance to the poor and food insecure, and on more marginal environments. In addition these will require enabling policies and enhanced public agricultural R&D investments that will facilitate publicprivate partnerships in developing countries. Substantial increases in other multi-sectoral investments are also required if child malnutrition, the most insidious form of food and nutrition insecurity is to be meaningfully reduced. Increased food production alone, even aided and abetted by biotechnology, will not suffice. Biotechnology alone is not a panacea for achieving food security, or even a panoply. As argued in this paper, at best it is a palliative requiring many complements.

Suggested Citation

  • Ryan, James G., 2002. "Biotechnology and the Quest for Food Security: Panacea, Panoply or Palliative?," Conference Proceedings 2002 123929, Crawford Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cfcp02:123929
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123929
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gaurav Datt & Martin Ravallion, 1998. "Farm productivity and rural poverty in India," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(4), pages 62-85.
    2. Shenggen Fan & Peter Hazell & Sukhadeo Thorat, 2000. "Government Spending, Growth and Poverty in Rural India," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(4), pages 1038-1051.
    3. Byerlee, Derek & Fischer, Ken, 2002. "Accessing Modern Science: Policy and Institutional Options for Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 931-948, June.
    4. Pardey, Philip G. & Beintema, Nienke M., 2002. "Slow Magic: Agricultural R&D A Century After Mendel," Working Papers 14364, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
    5. Fan, Shenggen & Zhang, Linxiu & Zhang, Xiaobo, 2002. "Growth, inequality, and poverty in rural China: the role of public investments," Research reports 125, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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