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Post-Moratorium EU Regulation of Genetically Modified Products: Trade Concerns

Listed author(s):
  • Viju, Crina
  • Yeung, May T.
  • Kerr, William A.

Trade in genetically modified (GM) products remains a major issue in agricultural trade policy. In particular, the European Union has sought to deny market access to GM-products. In the wake of a WTO case brought by Canada and the US, among others, against an import ban imposed on genetically modified agricultural products by the European Union (EU) – which the EU lost – the import ban was dropped and the EU put in place a new regulatory regime for GM-products. The EU suggests that the post-moratorium regulatory regime is compliant with its WTO obligations. As of June 2011, the operation of this new import regime has not been formally assessed. The first GM-crops are just now working their way through the post-moratorium regulatory system and an assessment of the operation of the regime is timely. The results of this assessment suggest that the EU’s approval system is only partially based in science and thus is not in conformity with its SPS obligations under the WTO. Hence, the new EU regulatory regime could be challenged through a WTO Disputes panel.

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Paper provided by Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network in its series Commissioned Papers with number 116848.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
Handle: RePEc:ags:catpcp:116848
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  1. Nicholas Perdikis & Robert Read (ed.), 2005. "The WTO and the Regulation of International Trade," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2940.
  2. Richard B. Freeman, 2004. "Trade Wars: The Exaggerated Impact of Trade in Economic Debate," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(1), pages 1-23, 01.
  3. Kerr, William A. & Hall, Shannon L., 2004. "Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Agriculture: Commitments, Cooperation and Conflicts," CAFRI: Current Agriculture, Food and Resource Issues, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, issue 05.
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