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What Drives How Much Crop Producers Sell in Spot, Forward, and Futures Markets?

Author

Listed:
  • Franken, Jason R.V.
  • Pennings, Joost M.E.

Abstract

Crop producers have numerous marketing and risk management tools available. Research relating producers’ risk attitudes to their use of these tools has produced mixed results, and most studies focus on individual tools to the neglect of complementarities among them. Hence, little is known about the proportion in which these tools are used, e.g., the percentage of the crop that is forward sold as opposed to hedged. This study identifies some factors, including risk attitude, that impact the proportion of corn producers’ sales through spot markets, futures and options, and forward and production contracts using complementary survey and accounting data.

Suggested Citation

  • Franken, Jason R.V. & Pennings, Joost M.E., 2009. "What Drives How Much Crop Producers Sell in Spot, Forward, and Futures Markets?," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49237, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea09:49237
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49237
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thomas O. Knight & Keith H. Coble, 1997. "Survey of U.S. Multiple Peril Crop Insurance Literature Since 1980," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 19(1), pages 128-156.
    2. Terry Roe, 1982. "Empirical Estimation and Use of Risk Preference: Discussion," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 64(2), pages 394-396.
    3. Joost M.E. Pennings & Raymond M. Leuthold, 2000. "The Role of Farmers' Behavioral Attitudes and Heterogeneity in Futures Contracts Usage," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(4), pages 908-919.
    4. Lee Cronbach, 1951. "Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 16(3), pages 297-334, September.
    5. Ani L. Katchova & Mario J. Miranda, 2004. "Two-Step Econometric Estimation of Farm Characteristics Affecting Marketing Contract Decisions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(1), pages 88-102.
    6. Matthew Rabin & Richard H. Thaler, 2001. "Anomalies: Risk Aversion," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(1), pages 219-232, Winter.
    7. Barry K. Goodwin & Ted C. Schroeder, 1994. "Human Capital, Producer Education Programs, and the Adoption of Forward-Pricing Methods," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(4), pages 936-947.
    8. Joost M.E. Pennings & Philip Garcia, 2001. "Measuring Producers' Risk Preferences: A Global Risk-Attitude Construct," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(4), pages 993-1009.
    9. Edgardo Moscardi & Alain de Janvry, 1977. "Attitudes Toward Risk Among Peasants: An Econometric Approach," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 59(4), pages 710-716.
    10. Cragg, John G, 1971. "Some Statistical Models for Limited Dependent Variables with Application to the Demand for Durable Goods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(5), pages 829-844, September.
    11. B.I. Shapiro & B. Wade Brorsen, 1988. "Factors Affecting Farmers' Hedging Decisions," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 10(2), pages 145-153.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    risk behavior; risk attitude; futures and options; forward contracts; production contracts; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty; Q13;

    JEL classification:

    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness

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