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From global economy-wide modelling to modelling a small product market: The case of wine

Author

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  • Kym Anderson

    (Wine Economics Research Centre, School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia, and Arndt-Corden Dept of Economics, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia)

  • Glyn Wittwer

    (Centre of Policy Studies, Victoria University, Australia)

Abstract

Under Tom Hertel's guidance, GTAP's myriad contributions in providing databases and models for economy-wide analysis of the world's markets have been enormous, and deservedly well recognized. Less appreciated by the policy community and many economists has been the additional contribution GTAP has made to improving the modelling of global markets for individual product markets. The smaller the national and global markets for a particular product, the less sense it makes to model them as part of the overall economy. But several of the features of CGE models nonetheless can be incorporated usefully into global product market models. This paper reports on one such attempt, namely to model the world's winegrape and wine markets. Building on a prototype first reported by Wittwer, Berger and Anderson (2003), a much-improved model was developed by Anderson and Wittwer (2013) and has now been further revised with its database updated to 2014 and projected to 2025. Both the model and the new database are described and, to illustrate the model's usefulness, we compare the 2025 baseline with alternative scenarios chosen to illustrate the empirical importance of possible additional shocks to those markets. One is a more-than-expected strengthening of the US dollar. Another is a set of possible Brexit scenarios, bearing in mind that the UK has been one of the world's biggest wine-importing countries. We conclude the paper by mentioning fruitful areas for further work such as expanding the model to include other beverages and analysing possible increases in beverage taxes as health lobby groups in many countries strengthen their anti-alcohol and anti-sugar drives.

Suggested Citation

  • Kym Anderson & Glyn Wittwer, 2018. "From global economy-wide modelling to modelling a small product market: The case of wine," Wine Economics Research Centre Working Papers 2018-03, University of Adelaide, Wine Economics Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:winewp:2018-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kym Anderson & Glyn Wittwer, 2019. "U.K. and Global Wine Markets by 2025, and Implications of Brexit," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Kym Anderson (ed.), The International Economics of Wine, chapter 6, pages 131-146, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Kym Anderson & Glyn Wittwer, 2018. "Cumulative Effects of Brexit and Other UK and EU27 Bilateral FTAs on the World's Wine Markets," Wine Economics Research Centre Working Papers 2018-01, University of Adelaide, Wine Economics Research Centre.
    3. Kym Anderson & Glyn Wittwer, 2019. "Modeling Global Wine Markets to 2018: Exchange Rates, Taste Changes, and China’s Import Growth," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Kym Anderson (ed.), The International Economics of Wine, chapter 3, pages 51-90, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global wine markets; trade policies; real exchange rates; Brexit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation
    • Q02 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Commodity Market
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices

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