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A strategic product for belief functions

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  • Ronald Stauber

Abstract

The term “belief function” is generally used to refer to a class of capacities that can be viewed as representing ambiguity averse preferences. This paper introduces a definition of equilibrium for normal-form games with ambiguous beliefs, where belief functions are used to describe strategic uncertainty. To capture independence of strategies and beliefs, a novel notion of a “strategic product integral” is introduced for belief functions, based on the Möbius transform of a capacity, and shown to be different from the Choquet integral of an appropriate product capacity. A characterization of the integral in terms of maxmin expected utility expressed relative to elements of the cores of the respective belief functions, is also presented. The resulting equilibrium notion relies on the Möbius transform to embed objectively chosen probabilistic mixed strategies into ambiguous beliefs of opponents about these strategies, while incorporating stronger consistency requirements than those imposed by previous definitions of equilibria under ambiguity.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald Stauber, 2019. "A strategic product for belief functions," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2019-668, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:acb:cbeeco:2019-668
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    File URL: https://www.cbe.anu.edu.au/researchpapers/econ/wp668.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Belief functions; Product capacities; Equilibrium under ambiguity; Strategic uncertainty;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty

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