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Does Globalization Cause the Loss of Monetary-Policy Independence in Developing Economies? A Case Study with India

In: Proceedings of the Conference on Globalization and Its Discontents

  • Biru Paksha Paul

    (State University of New York at Binghamton)

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    This paper examines whether globalization causes the loss of monetary-policy independence in developing economies. By using India as a case study we find that globalization does not necessarily cause the loss of monetary-policy independence. A country with foreign exchange constraints may lose its monetary-policy independence even in the absence of globalization under limited capital flows as long as it attempts to maintain a fixed or a stable exchange rate. This was the case in the 1960s when India controlled capital flows, maintained a fixed exchange rate, and Indian interest rates used to follow US interest rates in a significant way. In contrast, a country can exercise monetary-policy independence even under free capital flows as long as it does not maintain a stable exchange rate. Thus, monetary-policy independence is anchored in the nature of the exchange-rate regime along with the state of foreign-exchange constraint, and not necessarily in globalization per se.

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    This chapter was published in:
  • Oguz Esen & Ayla Ogus (ed.), 2007. "Proceedings of the International Conference on Globalization and Its Discontents," Proceedings of the IUE-SUNY Cortland Conference in Economics, Izmir University of Economics, number 2007, October.
  • This item is provided by Izmir University of Economics in its series Papers of the Annual IUE-SUNY Cortland Conference in Economics with number 200712.
    Handle: RePEc:izm:prcdng:200712
    Contact details of provider: Fax: (90) 232 279 2626
    Web page: http://eco.ieu.edu.tr

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    1. Michael D. Bordo & Alan M. Taylor & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2003. "Introduction to "Globalization in Historical Perspective"," NBER Chapters, in: Globalization in Historical Perspective, pages 1-10 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Kohli, Renu, 2008. "Liberalizing Capital Flows: India's Experiences and Policy Issues," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195698206, March.
    3. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear Of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408, May.
    4. M S Mohanty & Michela Scatigna, 2005. "Has globalisation reduced monetary policy independence?," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Globalisation and monetary policy in emerging markets, volume 23, pages 17-58 Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Vuyyuri, S., 2004. "Linkages of Indian Interest Rates with US and Japanese Rates," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2).
    6. Jagdish N. Bhagwati & T. N. Srinivasan, 1975. "Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: India," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bhag75-1.
    7. Michael D. Bordo & Alan M. Taylor & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2003. "Globalization in Historical Perspective," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bord03-1.
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