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Organisation et performance des filières alimentaires dans les pays du Sud : le rôle de la proximité. Synthèse des travaux pour l’habilitation à diriger des recherches

  • Moustier, P.

The document summarises the results of twenty years of coordination of research programmes on urban food supply in Africa and Asia in collaboration with national researchers. The main research questions are the following ones: What is the role of geographical and relational proximity in the performance of food chains in Africa and Asia? Does modern distribution change food chains in favour of the less wealthy stakeholders? The research is based on spatial economics, economics of rural organisations and global value chain analysis. The results show the role of geographical proximity in the supply of perishable commodities in line with Von Thünen predictions. We identify the role of relational proximity in reducing uncertainties in terms of quantity, price and quality, which the sellers and buyers of food commodities must face. Future research areas are presented, including a deeper evaluation of economic, environmental and social impact of proximity agriculture relative to more distant food supplying areas. ...French Abstract : Le document résume des recherches sur l’approvisionnement alimentaire des villes en Afrique et en Asie, menées en collaboration avec des chercheurs nationaux, sur une période de vingt ans. Les principales questions de recherche sont les suivantes : Quel est le rôle de la proximité géographique et relationnelle dans la performance des filières alimentaires en Afrique et en Asie? La grande distribution transforme-t-elle les filières au bénéfice des acteurs défavorisés ? Les travaux s’appuient sur la littérature en économie spatiale, en économie des organisations rurales et le cadre théorique des chaînes globales de valeur. Ils montrent le rôle de la proximité géographique dans l’alimentation des villes en aliments périssables selon les prédictions de Von Thünen. Nous soulignons le rôle de la proximité relationnelle dans la réduction des incertitudes en termes de quantité, de prix et de qualité, auxquelles sont soumis les vendeurs et acheteurs de produits alimentaires. Des pistes de recherche futures sont présentées, en particulier pour mieux quantifier l’impact économique, social et environnemental de l’agriculture de proximité par rapport à des approvisionnements alimentaires de longue distance.

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This book is provided by UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro - Montpellier, France in its series Research serial MOISA with number 201207 and published in 2012.
Handle: RePEc:umr:ecbook:201207
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  1. Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1986. "The new development economics," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 257-265, February.
  2. Winfree, Jason A. & McCluskey, Jill J., 2003. "Collective Reputation And Quality," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 21927, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  3. Ludovic Temple & Sophie Marquis & Serge Simon, 2008. "Le maraîchage périurbain à Yaoundé est-il un système de production localisé innovant ?," Post-Print hal-00384377, HAL.
  4. Suryadarma, Daniel & Poesoro, Adri & Akhmadi & Budiyati, Sri & Rosfadhila, Meuthia & Suryahadi, Asep, 2010. "Traditional food traders in developing countries and competition from supermarkets: Evidence from Indonesia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 79-86, February.
  5. Staatz, John M. & Dione, Josue & Dembele, N. Nango, 1989. "Cereals market liberalization in Mali," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 703-718, May.
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