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Impact de l’ouverture sur la performance des entreprises : l’exemple tunisien

  • Guillochon, Bernard
  • Ben Rejeb, Mouna
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    This work aims to study the relationship between the entry to export market and industrial firm productivity in the Tunisian context. At the outset, we analyze Tunisian regulation and fiscal policy system of industrial firms and we focus on Tunisian trade policy during the last decades. In the second step, we review the literature on free trade theories and we review empirical papers that are related to the scope of the study. In the remainder of this work we developed and tested three hypotheses on the link between entry to export market and Tunisian firm productivity. Our hypotheses include self-selection, learning by exporting and conscious self-selection. For the purpose of this study we collected data on industrial Tunisian firms in the period from 1998 to 2003. In this period, Tunisia spent a lot of efforts in adopting and in implementing free trade policy. Our results show the existence of self selection phenomena in the industrial Tunisian firms. However we didn’t find any evidence of neither learning by exporting nor conscious self selection.

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    File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/5563/1/These_BenRejeb.pdf
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    This book is provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/5563 and published in 2009.
    Order: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/handle/123456789/5563
    Handle: RePEc:dau:thesis:123456789/5563
    Note: dissertation
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html

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    1. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2003. "Exporting Raises Productivity in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Plants," NBER Working Papers 10020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, 01.
    3. Tybout, James, 1998. "Manufacuring firms in developing countries - how well do they do, and why?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1965, The World Bank.
    4. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2007. "ROBUSTNESS OF PRODUCTIVITY ESTIMATES -super-* ," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 529-569, 09.
    5. James R. Tybout, 2001. "Plant- and Firm-Level Evidence on "New" Trade Theories," NBER Working Papers 8418, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Petia Topalova & Amit Khandelwal, 2011. "Trade Liberalization and Firm Productivity: The Case of India," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(3), pages 995-1009, August.
    7. Tybout, James R, 1992. "Linking Trade and Productivity: New Research Directions," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(2), pages 189-211, May.
    8. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
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