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Determinants of Food Insecurity among Households in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia


  • Girma Gezimu Gebre

    () (Aksum University, Shire Campus)


Even though there is long-held belief that urban populations are better off, or even favoured than rural populations, the recent food and financial crises have highlighted the problem of urban food insecurity in developing countries. Hence, the overall objective of this study was to examine the determinants of food insecurity among urban households in Addis Ababa city. To do so, both descriptive statistics and econometric analysis were employed. Descriptive statistics used Foster, Greer and Thorbeck distributional measure of food insecurity while econometric analysis used binary logistic regression model to analyze the data of a set of socio-economic variables as explanatory variables and food insecurity as independent variable. The head count index shows that 58,16 % of the total households are below the food insecurity line. The food insecurity gap and severity were 20 % and 9,4 %, respectively. The result of the logistic regression model estimate indicates that out of the 10 factors included, 6 were found to have a significant influence on the probability of being food insecure at less than 10 % significance level. The variables considered were household size, age of household head, household head education, and access to credit, household asset possession, and access to employment. Efforts should be made to improve income earning capacity of households, their education level with particular focus on vocational training, reduce household size with a view to reducing their dependency ratio and access of credit to the needy and trained people needs to be provided with proper targeting criterion.

Suggested Citation

  • Girma Gezimu Gebre, 2012. "Determinants of Food Insecurity among Households in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia," Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems - scientific journal, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society Provider Homepage:, vol. 10(2), pages 159-173.
  • Handle: RePEc:zna:indecs:v:10:y:2012:i:2:p:159-173

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Garrett, James L. & Ruel, Marie T., 1999. "Are Determinants of Rural and Urban Food Security and Nutritional Status Different? Some Insights from Mozambique," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(11), pages 1955-1975, November.
    2. Maxwell, Daniel G., 1998. "The political economy of urban food security in Sub-Saharan Africa," FCND discussion papers 41, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Maurice Mutisya & Moses W. Ngware & Caroline W. Kabiru & Ngianga-bakwin Kandala, 2016. "The effect of education on household food security in two informal urban settlements in Kenya: a longitudinal analysis," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 8(4), pages 743-756, August.
    2. Kelly, Jeri L. & Pemberton, Carlisle, 2016. "An Assessment of the Household Food Security Status and Local Foods Grown in Rural Bahamas," 2015 West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference, August 10-14 , 2015, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands 243181, Caribbean Agro-Economic Society.
    3. repec:spr:soinre:v:137:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1589-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:bla:afrdev:v:29:y:2017:i:1:p:56-68 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:ssefpa:v:9:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s12571-017-0695-x is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:pje:journl:article16winii is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kelly, Jeri L. & Pemberton, Carlisle, 2016. "An Assessment of the Household Food Security Status and Local Foods Grown in Rural Bahamas," Farm and Business - The Journal of The Caribbean Agro-Economic Society, Caribbean Agro-Economic Society, vol. 8(1), July.

    More about this item


    food; food insecurity; probability of being food insecure; severity; urban;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I39 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Other
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling


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