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Fiscal policy under imperfect competition with flexible prices: An overview and survey

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  • Costa, Luís F.
  • Dixon, Huw David

Abstract

This paper surveys the link between imperfect competition and the effects of fiscal policy on output, employment and welfare. We examine static and dynamic models, with and without entry under a variety of assumptions using a common analytical framework. We find that in general there is a robust relationship between the fiscal multiplier and welfare, the tantalizing possibility of Pareto improving fiscal policy is much more elusive. In general, the mechanisms are supply side, and so welfare improving policy, whilst possible, is not a general result.

Suggested Citation

  • Costa, Luís F. & Dixon, Huw David, 2011. "Fiscal policy under imperfect competition with flexible prices: An overview and survey," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 5, pages 1-57.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifweej:20113
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2011-3
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/44435/1/645188808.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. d'Aspremont, Claude & Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe & Gerard-Varet, Louis-Andre, 1997. "General Equilibrium Concepts under Imperfect Competition: A Cournotian Approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 199-230, March.
    2. Luís F. Costa, 2004. "Endogenous Markups and Fiscal Policy," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 72(s1), pages 55-71, September.
    3. Coto-Martinez, Javier & Dixon, Huw, 2003. "Profits, markups and entry: fiscal policy in an open economy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 573-597, February.
    4. Heijdra, Ben J & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 1996. "Keynesian Multipliers and the Cost of Public Funds under Monopolistic Competition," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(438), pages 1284-1296, September.
    5. d’ASPREMONT, Cl. & DOS SANTOS FERREIRA, R. & GERARD-VARET, L.-A., 1988. "Unemployment in a Cournot oligopoly model with Ford effects," CORE Discussion Papers 1988018, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    6. Claude D'aspremont & Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira & Louis-André Gerard-Varet, 1995. "Imperfect Competition in an Overlapping Generations Model: A Case for Fiscal Policy," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 37-38, pages 531-555.
    7. Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia, 2000. "Market structure, cost asymmetries, and fiscal policy effectiveness," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 101-107, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. António Afonso & João Tovar Jalles, 2015. "Fiscal Episodes, Technological Progress and Market Power," Working Papers Department of Economics 2015/09, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    2. António Afonso & João Tovar Jalles, 2017. "Fiscal Episodes and Market Power," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 233-250, April.
    3. Brito, Paulo & Dixon, Huw, 2013. "Fiscal policy, entry and capital accumulation: Hump-shaped responses," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 2123-2155.
    4. Chang Yee Kwan, 2013. "Preferences, Welfare and Desirable Subsidies under Monopolistic Competition," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 744-759, November.
    5. Hsieh Hui-ting & Lai Ching-chong & Chen Kuan-jen, 2015. "A Macroeconomic Model of Imperfect Competition with Patent Licensing," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 15(4), pages 1579-1618, October.
    6. António Afonso & Jalles, 2016. "Markups' cyclical behaviour: the role of demand and supply shocks," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 1-5, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal policy; imperfect competition;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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