Fixed Costs, The Balanced-Budget Multiplier And Welfare
In a two-sector model, where one of the sectors is monopolistically competitive and subject to increasing returns to scale but without love for variety, we analyze the effects of a balanced budget fiscal expansion. Such an expansion could increase the welfare of the representative individual, if elasticities of substitution in production and consumption are low. A reorganization of production takes place--increasing returns enabling a rise in real income.
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