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Child protective intervention in the context of welfare reform: The effects of work and welfare on maltreatment reports

Author

Listed:
  • Kristen Shook Slack

    (School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison)

  • Jane L. Holl
  • Bong Joo Lee

    (Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University)

  • Marla McDaniel

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Lisa Altenbernd

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Amy Bush Stevens

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

Abstract

Recent changes in welfare policy have produced changes in parental work and welfare receipt. These factors are assessed in relation to investigated reports of child abuse and neglect using survey data on 1998 welfare recipients in nine Illinois counties, in conjunction with longitudinal administrative data on cash welfare benefits, employment, and child abuse and neglect reports. Trend analyses show that rates of child maltreatment reports among welfare recipients have risen since the passage of PRWORA in 1996. Findings from multivariate analyses indicate that parental employment has a protective effect on reports to child protection systems (CPS), that this effect is greatest when combined with welfare receipt, and that this effect becomes stronger over time. Those who receive welfare in the absence of employment face a significantly greater risk of CPS involvement, even compared with those who neither work nor receive welfare. © 2003 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

Suggested Citation

  • Kristen Shook Slack & Jane L. Holl & Bong Joo Lee & Marla McDaniel & Lisa Altenbernd & Amy Bush Stevens, 2003. "Child protective intervention in the context of welfare reform: The effects of work and welfare on maltreatment reports," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(4), pages 517-536.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:22:y:2003:i:4:p:517-536
    DOI: 10.1002/pam.10152
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sandra K. Danziger & Mary Corcoran & Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin & Ariel Kalil & Judith Levine & Daniel Rosen & Kristin S. Seefeldt & Kristine Siefert & Richard M. Tolman, 1999. "Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients," JCPR Working Papers 90, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beimers, David & Coulton, Claudia J., 2011. "Do employment and type of exit influence child maltreatment among families leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1112-1119, July.
    2. Raissian, Kerri M. & Bullinger, Lindsey Rose, 2017. "Money matters: Does the minimum wage affect child maltreatment rates?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 60-70.
    3. Dworsky, Amy & Courtney, Mark E. & Zinn, Andrew, 2007. "Child, parent, and family predictors of child welfare services involvement among TANF applicant families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 802-820, June.
    4. Rostad, Whitney L. & Rogers, Tia McGill & Chaffin, Mark J., 2017. "The influence of concrete support on child welfare program engagement, progress, and recurrence," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 26-33.
    5. Emily Keddell, 2014. "Current Debates on Variability in Child Welfare Decision-Making: A Selected Literature Review," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(4), pages 1-25, November.
    6. Wells, Kathleen & Guo, Shenyang, 2006. "Welfare reform and child welfare outcomes: A multiple-cohort study," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 941-960, August.
    7. McDaniel, Marla, 2006. "In the eye of the beholder: The role of reporters in bringing families to the attention of child protective services," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 306-324, March.
    8. repec:kap:reveho:v:15:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11150-016-9346-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Yang, Mi-Youn & Maguire-Jack, Kathryn, 2016. "Predictors of basic needs and supervisory neglect: Evidence from the Illinois Families Study," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 20-26.
    10. Han, Wen-Jui & Huang, Chien-Chung & Williams, Margaret, 2013. "The role of parental work schedule in CPS involvement," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 837-847.
    11. Millett, Lina & Lanier, Paul & Drake, Brett, 2011. "Are economic trends associated with child maltreatment? Preliminary results from the recent recession using state level data," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1280-1287, July.
    12. Daniel Brown & Elisabetta De Cao, 2017. "The Impact of Unemployment on Child Maltreatment in the United States," Economics Series Working Papers 837, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    13. repec:eee:cysrev:v:85:y:2018:i:c:p:165-173 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Palley, Elizabeth & Shdaimah, Corey, 2011. "Child care policy: A need for greater advocacy," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1159-1165, July.

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