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Child protective intervention in the context of welfare reform: The effects of work and welfare on maltreatment reports

Listed author(s):
  • Kristen Shook Slack

    (School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison)

  • Jane L. Holl
  • Bong Joo Lee

    (Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University)

  • Marla McDaniel

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Lisa Altenbernd

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Amy Bush Stevens

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

Registered author(s):

    Recent changes in welfare policy have produced changes in parental work and welfare receipt. These factors are assessed in relation to investigated reports of child abuse and neglect using survey data on 1998 welfare recipients in nine Illinois counties, in conjunction with longitudinal administrative data on cash welfare benefits, employment, and child abuse and neglect reports. Trend analyses show that rates of child maltreatment reports among welfare recipients have risen since the passage of PRWORA in 1996. Findings from multivariate analyses indicate that parental employment has a protective effect on reports to child protection systems (CPS), that this effect is greatest when combined with welfare receipt, and that this effect becomes stronger over time. Those who receive welfare in the absence of employment face a significantly greater risk of CPS involvement, even compared with those who neither work nor receive welfare. © 2003 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

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    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 517-536

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:22:y:2003:i:4:p:517-536
    DOI: 10.1002/pam.10152
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    1. Sandra K. Danziger & Mary Corcoran & Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin & Ariel Kalil & Judith Levine & Daniel Rosen & Kristin S. Seefeldt & Kristine Siefert & Richard M. Tolman, 1999. "Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients," JCPR Working Papers 90, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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