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International risk‐sharing in the short run and in the long run

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  • Marianne Baxter

Abstract

International risk‐sharing has far‐reaching implications both for economic policy and for basic research in economics. When countries do not share consumption risk, individuals experience consumption fluctuations that are undesirable and possibly unnecessary. We investigate bilateral risk‐sharing at short vs. long horizons. We find substantial cross‐country consumption correlations at trend and business‐cycle frequencies. Correlations are particularly high within Europe. Prior research focused on first‐difference correlations, which are typically quite low. We argue that this reflects measurement error. At all horizons, we find that consumption correlations are not significantly different from output correlations, implying a lack of deliberate consumption risk‐sharing. Le partage international du risque a de grandes implications à la fois pour la politique économique et pour la recherche économique de base. Quand des pays ne partagent pas les risques de consommation, les individus font l’expérience de fluctuations de consommation indésirables et possiblement non‐nécessaires. On examine le partage de risque bilatéral à court et à long terme. On découvre des corrélations entre pays tant au niveau des tendances que des fréquences du cycle d’affaires. Ces corrélations sont particulièrement élevées en Europe. Des travaux antérieurs se sont concentrés sur les corrélations entre premières différences qui sont typiquement assez faibles. On suggère que ces résultats reflètent une erreur de mesure. Pour tous les horizons temporels, on découvre que les corrélations de consommation ne diffèrent pas significativement des corrélations de production – ce qui implique un manque de partage de risque délibéré au niveau de la consommation.

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  • Marianne Baxter, 2012. "International risk‐sharing in the short run and in the long run," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 45(2), pages 376-393, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:canjec:v:45:y:2012:i:2:p:376-393
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5982.2012.01699.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Karen K. Lewis, 1999. "Trying to Explain Home Bias in Equities and Consumption," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 571-608, June.
    2. Lewis, Karen K, 1996. "What Can Explain the Apparent Lack of International Consumption Risk Sharing?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(2), pages 267-297, April.
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    4. Marianne Baxter, 2012. "International risk-sharing in the short run and in the long run," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(2), pages 376-393, May.
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    8. Canova, Fabio & Ravn, Morten O, 1996. "International Consumption Risk Sharing," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(3), pages 573-601, August.
    9. Baxter, Marianne, 1994. "Real exchange rates and real interest differentials: Have we missed the business-cycle relationship?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 5-37, February.
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    1. Robert P. Flood & Nancy P. Marion & Akito Matsumoto, 2012. "International risk sharing during the globalization era," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 45(2), pages 394-416, May.
    2. Masashige Hamano, 2019. "International Risk Sharing with Heterogeneous Firms," Working Papers 1907, Waseda University, Faculty of Political Science and Economics.

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