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Regional distance: the concept and empirical evidence from Poland


  • Nazarczuk Jarosław M.

    () (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Department of Economic and Regional Policy, Oczapowskiego 4/204, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland)


The main aim of this paper is to present the concept of regional distance as a measure of economic diversity at the regional level. Additionally, the paper is devoted to the identification of regional inequalities in Poland, based on the metric presented. Estimates of the regional distance between specific regions (NUTS 2) and the mean level of development of the national economy or Mazowieckie Voivodship (the region with the highest GDP per capita in Poland) were based on calculations conducted using logarithmic equations. Two different distances were calculated: (a) the mean number of years required to achieve the present reference area level of development, (b) the mean number of years necessary to achieve the reference area GDP per capita, taking into consideration the growth rate of the reference area. The empirical example of regional distance application revealed significant inequalities between regions of Poland at NUTS 2 level.

Suggested Citation

  • Nazarczuk Jarosław M., 2015. "Regional distance: the concept and empirical evidence from Poland," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, Sciendo, vol. 28(28), pages 129-141, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:buogeo:v:28:y:2015:i:28:p:129-141:n:9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chaudhry, Mahinder D, 1971. "Economic Distance among Regions: A Statistical Analysis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(4), pages 527-544, July.
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    5. Håkanson, Lars & Ambos, Björn, 2010. "The antecedents of psychic distance," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 195-210, September.
    6. Giovannetti, Emanuele, 2000. "Technology Adoption and the Emergence of Regional Asymmetries," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1), pages 71-102, March.
    7. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2004. "On SBA-guaranteed lending and economic growth," Working Papers (Old Series) 0403, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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    9. Albu, Lucian Liviu, 2012. "The Convergence Process in the EU Estimated by Gini Coefficients," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 5-16, December.
    10. Dixon, R & Thirlwall, A P, 1975. "A Model of Regional Growth-Rate Differences on Kaldorian Lines," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 201-214, July.
    11. Miguel-Angel Martín & Agustín Herranz, 2004. "Human capital and economic growth in Spanish regions," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 10(4), pages 257-264, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Novotná Marie & Šlehoferová Marta & Matušková Alena, 2016. "Evaluation of spatial differentiation in the Pilsen region from a socioeconomic perspective," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, Sciendo, vol. 34(34), pages 73-90, December.

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