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Counterproductive Work Behaviors: a Socio-Demographic Characteristic-Based Study among Employees in the Nigerian Maritime Sector


  • Uche Ignatius Ikechukwu

    () (Department of Business Administration, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria; Telephone: +234-803-3032909)

  • George Olusoji

    () (Department of Business Administration, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria)

  • Abiola Wuraola

    () (Department of Business Administration, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria)


The prevalence of counterproductive work behavior (CWB) does not only differ across industries but also varies significantly according to socio-demographic characteristics. This study examines CWB and socio-demographic characteristics among selected employees in the Nigerian maritime industry. Causal research design was adopted to survey 1,000 employees selected through multistage sampling approach in three selected parastatals (Nigerian Ports Authority, Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency, and Nigerian Shippers Council). The data obtained were analyzed with ANOVA and t-test. Based on the analysis carried out, CWB was found to be significantly related to gender, age, marital status, employee cadre, and income, while employees’ level of educational attainment is not significantly related to CWB. Based on the abovementioned findings, the study concludes that the level of education is not significantly connected to the employees’ propensity towards CWB, while other socio-demographic variables are strongly associated to CWB in the workplace. The study recommends that management should develop a mechanism for identifying and selecting their potential employees as a guide against poor organizational fit of employees and that of the organization. Likewise, effort should be intensified to develop and improve organizational culture that will propel citizenship behavior in the workplace.

Suggested Citation

  • Uche Ignatius Ikechukwu & George Olusoji & Abiola Wuraola, 2017. "Counterproductive Work Behaviors: a Socio-Demographic Characteristic-Based Study among Employees in the Nigerian Maritime Sector," Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 5(1), pages 117-138, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:auseab:v:5:y:2017:i:1:p:117-138:n:6

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    demographic characteristics; counterproductive work behaviors; workplace; employee; organizational fits; organizational culture;

    JEL classification:

    • M0 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - General
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises


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