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Measuring poverty within and between population subgroups


  • Massimo Civardi

    () (Università di Milano-Bicocca)

  • Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti

    () (Università di Pavia e Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori di Pavia)


In this paper we propose a decomposition of the Foster, Greer, Thorbecke (FGT) class of poverty indices into two components (namely, poverty within groups and poverty between groups) when both a community-wide threshold and a specific poverty line for each subgroup of population is used. The aim is to suggest an integrated perspective that takes into account both poverty within a specific subgroup of the population and poverty between different subgroups. This allows us to throw light on the relative well-being conditions of specific subgroups of the population as well as of society as a whole. The paper also includes an empirical application of the suggested methodology based on the European Community Household Panel

Suggested Citation

  • Massimo Civardi & Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti, 2008. "Measuring poverty within and between population subgroups," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 116(3), pages 305-320.
  • Handle: RePEc:vep:journl:y:2008:v:116:i:3:p:305-320

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pierre Cahuc & André Zylberberg, 2004. "Labor Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026203316x, July.
    2. Peter A. Diamond, 1982. "Wage Determination and Efficiency in Search Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(2), pages 217-227.
    3. Acemoglu, Daron, 2001. "Good Jobs versus Bad Jobs," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 1-21, January.
    4. Mortensen, Dale T. & Pissarides, Christopher A., 1999. "New developments in models of search in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 39, pages 2567-2627 Elsevier.
    5. Merz, Monika, 1995. "Search in the labor market and the real business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 269-300, November.
    6. Andolfatto, David, 1996. "Business Cycles and Labor-Market Search," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 112-132, March.
    7. Arthur J. Hosios, 1990. "On The Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 279-298.
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    More about this item


    Poverty measurement; FGT index; group-specific poverty lines;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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