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Revisiting Sectoral Liberalization: An Alternative to the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific? Implications for the Philippines


  • George Manzano

    () (School of Economics, University of Asia and the Pacific (UA&P), Philippines)

  • Myrene Bedano

    (Bureau of International Trade Relations, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), Philippines.)


In this paper, we make an attempt to understand what factors have caused some states to grow faster than others.

Suggested Citation

  • George Manzano & Myrene Bedano, 2011. "Revisiting Sectoral Liberalization: An Alternative to the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific? Implications for the Philippines," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 18(1), pages 73-124, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:18:y:2011:i:1:p:73-124

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Raimondos-Moller, Pascalis & Woodland, Alan D., 2006. "Non-preferential trading clubs," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 79-91, January.
    2. C. Fred Bergsten, 1997. "Open Regionalism," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(5), pages 545-565, August.
    3. Kemp, Murray C. & Wan, Henry Jr., 1976. "An elementary proposition concerning the formation of customs unions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 95-97, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:phd:rpseri:dp_2015-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Manzano, George N. & Prado, Shanti Aubren, 2016. "Dominant Supplier Approach to Liberalizing Trade in APEC Environmental Goods," Philippine Journal of Development PJD 2014-2015 Vol. 41-42 , Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    3. repec:phd:dpaper:dp_2015-34_(revised is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC); Early Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization (EVSL); Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP); “principal supplier” approach; sectoral liberalization; trade liberalization;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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