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El fin de la educación pública en Chile?

Listed author(s):
  • Ricardo Paredes
  • Juan Ignacio Pinto


Entre los años 2000 y 2006 las escuelas municipales (o públicas) en Chile redujeron su matrícula en 186.000 alumnos (caída de 13%), mientras que las escuelas privadas subvencionadas, receptoras del mismo financiamiento estatal, la han aumentado en 386.000 (aumento de 38%). En este trabajo distinguimos factores de demanda, asociados a las decisiones de los padres, y de oferta, asociados a las decisiones de los sostenedores, que determinan el cambio de la composición de la matrícula en Chile. Hallamos evidencia que las restricciones institucionales que afectan la demanda por tipos de educación sólo dan cuenta parcial de la tendencia. Otros factores, asociados a las decisiones de los propios municipios, explican la mayor parte de la caída de la educación municipal. Ello es también en parte el resultado del desfinanciamiento natural a que conducen las restricciones asimétricas sobre financiamiento y costos en Chile.

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 36 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 Year 2009 (June)
Pages: 47-66

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:36:y:2009:i:1:p:47-66
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Francisco Gallego & Andrés Hernando, 2009. "School Choice in Chile: Looking at the Demand Side," Documentos de Trabajo 356, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  2. Cristian Garcia Palomer & Ricardo Paredes, 2010. "Reducing the Educational Gap: Good Results in Vulnerable Groups," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 535-555.
  3. Claudio Sapelli & Bernardita Vial, 2002. "The Performance of Private and Public Schools in the Chilean Voucher System," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 39(118), pages 423-454.
  4. Chumacero, Romulo & Paredes, Ricardo, 2008. "Should for-profit schools be banned?," MPRA Paper 15099, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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