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Permisos transables frente a la introducción de un combustible limpio: estudio de caso para PM-10 y NOx en Santiago, Chile

  • Raúl O'Ryan
  • Rodrigo Bravo
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    A partir de 1990 se introdujo en Santiago un sistema de compensación de emisiones para controlar las emisiones de PM-10 de fuentes fijas, en principio equivalente a un sistema de permisos de emisión (EPS), instrumento económico subóptimo. Se buscaba con este sistema reducir los costos de cumplimiento e impedir el crecimiento de las emisiones de fuentes fijas al obligar a fuentes nuevas a compensar todas sus emisiones. El sistema básicamente no operó hasta 1997, año en que se introduce el gas natural en Santiago, combustible considerado limpio. En este contexto, este trabajo aborda las siguientes preguntas: ¿Qué impacto ha tenido la introducción del gas natural sobre la aplicabilidad de permisos transables para PM-10 y NOx? ¿Se siguen justificando las ganancias en eficiencia disminuyen a tal nivel que se puede considerar el uso de instrumentos de regulación directa? También se cuantifican las ganancias en eficiencia asociadas a aplicar un sistema de permisos ambientales (APS) que, a diferencia de un

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    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 2 Year 2001 (December)
    Pages: 267-291

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:28:y:2001:i:2:p:267-291
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    1. Ger Klaassen & Andries Nentjes, 1997. "Creating Markets for Air Pollution Control in Europe and the USA," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 10(2), pages 125-146, September.
    2. O'Ryan, Raul E., 1996. "Cost-Effective Policies to Improve Urban Air Quality in Santiago, Chile," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 302-313, November.
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