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The impact of Basel I capital requirements on bank behavior and the efficacy of monetary policy

Author

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  • Juliusz Jablecki

    () (Bureau of Monetary Policy, National Bank of Poland)

Abstract

The paper attempts to investigate the influence of the 1988 Basel Accord on bank behavior and monetary policy. It is argued that the Accord was successful in that it forced commercial banks in all of G-10 countries to maintain higher capital ratios. Tentative research suggests, however, that – at least among American banks – the Accord also encouraged the widespread resort to regulatory capital arbitrage techniques, in particular securitization. The paper also reviews the literature on the transmission mechanism of monetary policy and shows that the Basel Accord has affected the bank lending channel

Suggested Citation

  • Juliusz Jablecki, 2009. "The impact of Basel I capital requirements on bank behavior and the efficacy of monetary policy," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 2(1), pages 16-35, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:2:y:2009:i:1:p:16-35
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    File URL: http://ijbesar.teiemt.gr/docs/volume2_issue1/impact_basel.pdf
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    File URL: http://ijbesar.teiemt.gr/volume2_issue1.php
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Samu Peura & Esa Jokivuolle, 2004. "Simulation-based stress testing of banks’ regulatory capital adequacy," Finance 0405003, EconWPA.
    2. Gabe J. De Bondt & Henriette M. Prast, 2000. "Bank capital ratios in the 1990s: cross-country evidence," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 53(212), pages 71-97.
    3. Bofinger, Peter, 2001. "Monetary Policy: Goals, Institutions, Strategies, and Instruments," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199248568.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriel A. Giménez Roche & Jason Lermyte, 2016. "Securitization and regulatory arbitrage within the ABCT framework," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 29(1), pages 67-84, March.
    2. Henselmann, Klaus & Ditter, Dominik & Lupp, Philipp, 2016. "The Effects of the Financial Crisis on Cooperative Banks in Europe – A Critical Comparison –," Working Papers in Accounting Valuation Auditing 2016-1, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Accounting and Auditing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Basel Accord; Capital Ratios; Bank Regulation; Monetary Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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