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Can the European Monetary System be a model for East Asian monetary cooperation?

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  • Hyoung-kyu Chey

Abstract

Since the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the launch of the European Economic and Monetary Union shortly afterward, a growing number of studies have considered the idea of a so-called Asian Monetary System, mostly adopting the European Monetary System as its model. The operational adjustment burdens in the European Monetary System were asymmetrically distributed, however, in particular between Germany and the other member countries. The emulation of such an asymmetric system in East Asia is not likely to be sustainable, due to the much lower support for regional integration there than was the case in Europe. For a future Asian Monetary System to be sustainable, it should be designed in such a way as to promote symmetry in the adjustment burdens arising from its operation. To this end, it may be desirable for the Asian Monetary System to employ an exchange rate and intervention mechanism that levies adjustment burdens largely on participant currencies deviating substantially from the average member currency movements. This mechanism should also be constructed in such a way that each currency's probability of identification as a deviant currency is similar.

Suggested Citation

  • Hyoung-kyu Chey, 2010. "Can the European Monetary System be a model for East Asian monetary cooperation?," Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 89-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rjapxx:v:15:y:2010:i:2:p:89-105
    DOI: 10.1080/13547861003700349
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eiji Ogawa & Junko Shimizu, 2005. "A Deviation Measurement for Coordinated Exchange Rate Policies in East Asia," Discussion papers 05017, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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    3. Kyung Tae Lee & Deok Ryong Yoon, 2007. "A Roadmap for East Asian Monetary Integration : The Necessary First Step," Macroeconomics Working Papers 21971, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Melitz, Jacques, 1987. "Monetary Discipline, Germany, and the European Monetary System," CEPR Discussion Papers 178, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Kawai, Masahiro & Takagi, Shinji, 2000. "Proposed strategy for a regional exchange rate arrangement in post-crisis East Asia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2503, The World Bank.
    6. John Williamson, 2005. "A Currency Basket for East Asia, Not Just China," Policy Briefs PB05-01, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    7. Shingo Watanabe & Masanobu Ogura, 2006. "How Far Apart Are Two ACUs from Each Other? : Asian Currency Unit and Asian Currency Union," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 06-E-20, Bank of Japan.
    8. W. R. M. Perraudin & E. H. Gardner, 1992. "Asymmetry in the ERM; A Case Study of French and German Interest Rates Since Basle-Nyborg," IMF Working Papers 92/96, International Monetary Fund.
    9. De Grauwe, Paul, 1989. "Is the European Monetary System a DM-Zone?," CEPR Discussion Papers 297, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Garcia Rocabado, Daniel, 2010. "The road to monetary union in Latin America: An EMS-type fixed exchange rate system as an intermediate step," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 85, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.

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