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Knowledge Organizations and Local Economic Development: The Cases of Oxford and Grenoble

Listed author(s):
  • Helen Lawton Smith

LAWTON SMITH H. (2003) Knowledge organizations and local economic development: the cases of Oxford and Grenoble, Reg. Studies 37, 899- 909. In Europe, European Union and individual countries' knowledge institutions are expected to stimulate regional or local economic development. This paper explores the increasingly important role of universities and national laboratories (knowledge institutions) as territorial actors. It reports on a recently completed study in which surveys were conducted with academics in scientific departments and technology transfer units in Oxford and Grenoble's universities and national laboratories. It focuses on some of the rules of the game which national innovation systems construct to institutionalize and normalize this role. It compares similar and different outcomes of common priorities. LAWTON SMITH H. (2003) Des organisations basees sur la connaissance et le de veloppement economique local: etudes de cas d'Oxford et de Grenoble, Reg. Studies 37, 899-909. En Europe, les organisations basees sur la connaissance de l'Union europeenne et des pays individuels sont censees inciter au developpement economique regional ou local. Cet article cherche a examiner le role de plus en plus important des universites et des bureaux d'etudes nationaux (organisations basees sur la connaissance) en tant qu'acteurs territoriaux. On fait un compte-rendu d'une etude recente dans laquelle on a mene des enquetes aupres des universitaires dans des departements scientifiques et des groupes recherchant le transfert de technolgie dans les universites d'Oxford et de Grenoble et dans les bureaux d'etudes nationaux. Il porte sur quelques- unes des regles du jeu que contruisent les systemes d' innovation nationaux afin d'institutionnaliser et de normaliser ce role. On compare des resultats semblables et dissemblables des priorites communes.LAWTON SMITH H. (2003) Wissenschaftliche Organisationen und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung ihres Umfeldes: die Falle Oxford und Grenoble, Reg. Studies 37, 899-909. In Europa erwartet man von wissenschaftlichen Instituten der europaischen Union und einzelner Lander, dass sie als Anreiz auf regionale und o rtliche Industrie wirken. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die an Bedeutung zunehmende Rolle von Universitatenen und staatlichen Forschungsinstituten (wissenschaftliche Institute) als Zugpferde ihres Gebietes. Er berichtet uber eine kurzlich abgeschlossene Studie, in der Untersuchungen mit Akademikern in wissenschaftlichen Instituten und Einheiten fur Technologieubertragung in den Universita ten und und staatlichen Forschungszentren von Oxford und Grenoble durchgefuhrt wurden. Dabei konzentriert er sich besonders auf bestimmte Spielregeln, welche staatliche Informaztionssysteme zwecks Institutionalisierung und Normalisierung dieser Rolle entwickeln. Der Aufsatz vergleicht ahnliche und verschiedenartige Ergebnisse gemeinsamer Prioritaten.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 899-909

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:9:p:899-909
DOI: 10.1080/0034340032000143904
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  1. P. D., 1988. "Introduction," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 10(4), pages 527-527, July.
  2. David Charles & Paul Benneworth, 2001. "Are We Realizing Our Potential? Joining Up Science and Technology Policy in the English Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 73-79.
  3. Wilkinson, Frank, 1983. "Productive Systems," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(3-4), pages 413-429, September.
  4. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
  5. Narin, Francis & Hamilton, Kimberly S. & Olivastro, Dominic, 1997. "The increasing linkage between U.S. technology and public science," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 317-330, October.
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