Private returns to investment in education: an empirical study of urban China
This article draws on a survey of urban Chinese workers in 2005 to estimate the private returns to education and the income elasticity of education. Differences in the rates of return to schooling are examined between gender and between age groups. The estimated returns to schooling are found to be higher than those documented in existing studies for the mid-1980s to late 1990s. In particular, considerably higher returns to education are observed among people aged 35 or under, representing those who received standardised education and entered the labour market during the urban economic reform era. The study finds that the income elasticity of education expenditure is relatively low and that expenditure on education is less sensitive to changes in income than expenditure on either food or clothing.
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Volume (Year): 20 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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