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The Effect of Foreign Bank Entry on the Operational Performance of Commercial Banks in the Chinese Transitional Economy

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  • Hsiu-Ling Wu
  • Chien-Hsun Chen
  • Mei-Hsuan Lin

Abstract

This article undertakes an empirical examination of the impact of foreign bank entry on the operational performance of the Chinese banking sector, placing particular emphasis on the unique features of China's banking industry as it undergoes the process of transformation. Pooled cross-section (banks) and time series data are employed in the empirical estimation, with the sample comprising 14 Chinese banks and the period 1996-2004. Fixed effects and random effects models are estimated. The empirical results for the whole sample show that the return on assets (ROA) for those Chinese banks that have foreign shareholders is, on average, lower than the ROA for banks that do not have foreign shareholders. The longer a bank has been in existence, the lower its ROA will be, the main reason for this being that the older Chinese banks tend to have accumulated a lot of 'legacy problems'. Non-interest income is found to have a negative impact on ROA, reflecting a continuing emphasis on traditional lending business. Moreover, an increase in the depth of foreign bank participation does not affect the operational performance of Chinese banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Hsiu-Ling Wu & Chien-Hsun Chen & Mei-Hsuan Lin, 2007. "The Effect of Foreign Bank Entry on the Operational Performance of Commercial Banks in the Chinese Transitional Economy," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 343-357.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:19:y:2007:i:3:p:343-357
    DOI: 10.1080/14631370701504404
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chien-Hsun Chen & Hui-Tzu Shih, 2004. "Banking and Insurance in the New China," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3177.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yi-cheng Liu & Yue-cune Chang, 2013. "The Regional Performances of Agricultural Bank of China Applying GEE Method Multiple Linear Regression," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 3(5), pages 1-3.
    2. Cull, Robert & Soledad Martinez Peria, Maria, 2010. "Foreign bank participation in developing countries : what do we know about the drivers and consequences of this phenomenon?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5398, The World Bank.
    3. Hong- Jen Abraham Lin, 2013. "Trends for future integration of commercial banking between Taiwan and China after the ECFA," Chapters,in: Economic Integration Across the Taiwan Strait, chapter 4, pages 81-101 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Bin Liu, 2011. "The Effects of Public Listing on the Performance of Banks in China," Working Papers 072011, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    5. Meng-Wen Wu & Chung-Hua Shen & Chin-Hwa Lu & Chia-Chung Chan, 2012. "Impact of Foreign Strategic Investors on Earnings Management in Chinese Banks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(5), pages 115-133, September.
    6. Meng-Wen Wu & Chung-Hua Shen & Chin-Hwa Lu & Chia-Chung Chan, 2012. "Impact of Foreign Strategic Investors on Earnings Management in Chinese Banks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(5), pages 115-133, September.
    7. Thorsten Beck & Michael Fuchs & Dorothe Singer & Makaio Witte, 2014. "Making Cross-Border Banking Work for Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 20248.

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