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Foreign bank participation in developing countries : what do we know about the drivers and consequences of this phenomenon?

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  • Cull, Robert
  • Soledad Martinez Peria, Maria

Abstract

Foreign bank participation has increased steadily across developing countries since the mid-1990s. This paper documents this trend and surveys the existing literature to explore the drivers and consequences of this phenomenon, paying particular attention to the differences observed across regions both in the degree of foreign bank participation and in the impact of this process. Local profit opportunities, the absence of barriers to entry, and the presence of mechanisms to mitigate information problems have been the main factors driving foreign bank entry across developing countries. In general, foreign bank participation has been shown to exert a positive influence on banking sector efficiency and competition. The weight of the evidence suggests that foreign bank presence does not endanger, but rather enhances banking sector stability. And although some case studies suggest that foreign bank entry limits access to finance, many cross-country studies offer evidence to the contrary.

Suggested Citation

  • Cull, Robert & Soledad Martinez Peria, Maria, 2010. "Foreign bank participation in developing countries : what do we know about the drivers and consequences of this phenomenon?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5398, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5398
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. de la Torre, Augusto & Martínez Pería, María Soledad & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2010. "Bank involvement with SMEs: Beyond relationship lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 2280-2293, September.
    2. Demirguc, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 1999. "Determinants of Commercial Bank Interest Margins and Profitability: Some International Evidence," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 379-408, May.
    3. Hsiu-Ling Wu & Chien-Hsun Chen & Mei-Hsuan Lin, 2007. "The Effect of Foreign Bank Entry on the Operational Performance of Commercial Banks in the Chinese Transitional Economy," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 343-357.
    4. Yeyati, Eduardo Levy & Micco, Alejandro, 2007. "Concentration and foreign penetration in Latin American banking sectors: Impact on competition and risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1633-1647, June.
    5. De Haas, Ralph & Naaborg, Ilko, 2006. "Foreign banks in transition countries. To whom do they lend and how are they financed?," MPRA Paper 6320, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. H. Semih Yildirim & George Philippatos, 2007. "Efficiency of Banks: Recent Evidence from the Transition Economies of Europe, 1993-2000," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 123-143.
    7. de Haas, Ralph & van Lelyveld, Iman, 2006. "Foreign banks and credit stability in Central and Eastern Europe. A panel data analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1927-1952, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Franziska Bremus, 2011. "Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Stability: What Role for Large Banks?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1178, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Hibiki Ichiue & Frederic Lambert, 2016. "Post-crisis International Banking; An Analysis with New Regulatory Survey Data," IMF Working Papers 16/88, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Dailami, Mansoor & Adams-Kane, Jonathon, 2012. "What Does the Future Hold for the International Banking System?," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 94, pages 1-8, October.
    4. Anginer, Deniz & Cerutti, Eugenio & Martínez Pería, María Soledad, 2017. "Foreign bank subsidiaries' default risk during the global crisis: What factors help insulate affiliates from their parents?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 19-31.
    5. Cull, Robert & Martínez Pería, María Soledad, 2013. "Bank ownership and lending patterns during the 2008–2009 financial crisis: Evidence from Latin America and Eastern Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4861-4878.
    6. Thorsten Beck & Samuel Munzele Maimbo & Issa Faye & Thouraya Triki, 2011. "Financing Africa : Through the Crisis and Beyond," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2355, November.
    7. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2017. "Do creditor rights and information sharing affect the performance of foreign banks?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 13-35.
    8. Moon Jung Choi & Eva Gutierrez & Maria Soledad Martinez Peria, 2014. "Dissecting Foreign Bank Lending Behavior During the 2008-2009 Crisis," Working Papers 2014-7, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    9. Steven Poelhekke, 2016. "Financial globalization and foreign direct investment," DNB Working Papers 527, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    10. Andrea F. Presbitero & Roberta Rabellotti, 2014. "Geographical Distance And Moral Hazard In Microcredit: Evidence From Colombia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(1), pages 91-108, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks&Banking Reform; Debt Markets; Access to Finance; Emerging Markets; Foreign Direct Investment;

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