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Effects of Flood on Agricultural Productivity in Bangladesh

  • Lopamudra Banerjee
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    This article examines the impact of floods on agriculture in Bangladesh and argues that, although severe inundation destroys crops in the monsoon flood months, monsoon floods act as an open-access resource in supplying irrigational input to agriculture. District-level rice and jute productivity data for the period 1978-2000 are analyzed to investigate the long-term impacts of floods in terms of agricultural performance, comparing “more” flood-prone districts with “less” flood-prone districts. In addition, the short-term impacts of floods are analyzed on crops grown in the flood months and in subsequent, post-flood months. The results show that the area under cultivation and agricultural productivity are higher in the “more” flood-prone districts of Bangladesh. They also show that, while yield rates decline when floods assume “extreme” proportions, productivity increases during “normal” floods and in the post-flood months.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13600818.2010.505681
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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Oxford Development Studies.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 339-356

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:oxdevs:v:38:y:2010:i:3:p:339-356
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