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Regional Divergence of per capita GDP in China: 1991-99

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  • Zheng Wang

Abstract

Using China's regional data from 1991 to 1999, this paper investigates inter-regional income inequalities. GMM estimation has been used to explore a dynamic panel data model based on the Solow growth model. We find that regions conditionally converge to their own steady states at an annual rate of 8%, indicating around 8 years for a region to halve the deviation from its balanced growth path. However, the panel data exploration of convergence could not explain the catching up phenomenon. To see whether poorer regions can grow faster than richer ones, sigma and absolute beta divergence have been employed. We find that when the regional income gap enlarges during the 1990s, the initially poor regions do not catch up with the initially rich regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Zheng Wang, 2004. "Regional Divergence of per capita GDP in China: 1991-99," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 39-53.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jocebs:v:2:y:2004:i:1:p:39-53
    DOI: 10.1080/14760280310001631372
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chen, Jian & Fleisher, Belton M., 1996. "Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 141-164, April.
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    7. Durlauf, Steven N. & Quah, Danny T., 1999. "The new empirics of economic growth," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 235-308 Elsevier.
    8. Yao, Shujie & Zhang, Zongyi, 2001. "On Regional Inequality and Diverging Clubs: A Case Study of Contemporary China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 466-484, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Herrerias, M.J. & Ordoñez, J., 2012. "New evidence on the role of regional clusters and convergence in China (1952–2008)," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 1120-1133.
    2. Maria Jesus Herrerias & Javier Ordóñez, 2014. "Stochastic Regional Convergence in China: The Role of Regional Clusters in a Nonlinear Perspective (1952–2007)," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(2), pages 153-169, May.
    3. Mei Wen, 2007. "Foreign direct investment, regional market conditions and regional development," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 15(1), pages 125-151, March.
    4. Marine Hadengue & Thierry Warin, 2013. "Patterns of Specialization and (Un)conditional Convergence: The Cases of Brazil, China and India," CIRANO Working Papers 2013s-17, CIRANO.
    5. Chi-Wei Su & Hsu-Ling Chang, 2013. "Is income converging in China?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 21(2), pages 341-356, April.

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    Keywords

    Growth; convergence; divergence; income inequality;

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