IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/taf/jitecd/v24y2015i1p1-23.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Tariffs and EU countries foreign direct investment: Evidence from a dynamic panel model

Author

Listed:
  • Paola Cardamone
  • Margherita Scoppola

Abstract

According to the models of the multinational enterprise tariffs play a fundamental role in determining the pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI). The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of tariffs on the outward stocks of FDI of the European Union (EU). We estimate a model based on the knowledge-capital theory of the multinational enterprise over the period 1995-2008 by using a sample of five EU countries and 24 partner countries. We consider, first, manufacturing sector as a whole and, then, six manufacturing industries defined at the two-digit level of the Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne (NACE) classification. Explanatory variables include an index of applied bilateral tariffs and a dummy to capture the presence of bilateral investment treaties (BITs). A dynamic panel model is estimated through the generalized method of moments estimator, taking also into account the endogeneity of regressors. The results show that the pattern of EU outward FDI is a mix of vertical and horizontal FDI. BITs in force have a significant and positive impact on the outward FDI. The impact of tariffs varies across industries and countries, suggesting the predominance of horizontal FDI in some industries, and the existence of vertical FDI in others.

Suggested Citation

  • Paola Cardamone & Margherita Scoppola, 2015. "Tariffs and EU countries foreign direct investment: Evidence from a dynamic panel model," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 1-23, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:24:y:2015:i:1:p:1-23
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2013.871742
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/09638199.2013.871742
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Ray Barrell & Abdulkader Nahhas, 2018. "Economic Integration and Bilateral FDI stocks: the impacts of NAFTA and the EU," Discussion Papers 1814, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    2. Curran, Louise & Lv, Ping & Spigarelli, Francesca, 2017. "Chinese investment in the EU renewable energy sector: Motives, synergies and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 670-682.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:24:y:2015:i:1:p:1-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: http://www.tandfonline.com/RJTE20 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.