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Introducing Valuation Effects-Based External Balance Analysis into the Undergraduate Macroeconomics Curricula: A Simple Framework with Applications


  • Peter Brust
  • Vivekanand Jayakumar


Global imbalances and the sustainability of large U.S. current account deficits have dominated international macroeconomics of late. Pedagogically, a clear disconnect exists between graduate-level open-economy macroeconomics that emphasizes intertemporal current account models and net foreign asset adjustment featuring valuation effects, and, undergraduate macroeconomics that is still driven by static analysis of U.S. current account deficits and cursory coverage of valuation-effects-driven external balance adjustment. The authors of this article discuss a simple intertemporal framework, based on modern open-economy macroeconomic models, that emphasizes the significance of valuation effects arising from changes in asset prices and exchange rates. The authors also highlight the relevance of the framework by examining a few topical applications related to prominent puzzles and debates in open-economy macroeconomics.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Brust & Vivekanand Jayakumar, 2012. "Introducing Valuation Effects-Based External Balance Analysis into the Undergraduate Macroeconomics Curricula: A Simple Framework with Applications," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(4), pages 363-376, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jeduce:v:43:y:2012:i:4:p:363-376 DOI: 10.1080/00220485.2012.714308

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Annamaria Lusardi & Olivia S. Mitchell & Vilsa Curto, 2009. "Financial Literacy among the Young," Working Papers wp191, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    2. Annamaria Lusardi & Olivia S Mitchelli, 2007. "Financial Literacy and Retirement Preparedness: Evidence and Implications for Financial Education," Business Economics, Palgrave Macmillan;National Association for Business Economics, vol. 42(1), pages 35-44, January.
    3. Richard H. Thaler & Cass R. Sunstein, 2003. "Libertarian Paternalism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 175-179, May.
    4. James J. Choi & David Laibson & Brigitte C. Madrian & Andrew Metrick, 2001. "Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Decisions, and the Path of Least Resistance," NBER Working Papers 8655, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Annamaria Lusardi, 2007. "Household Saving Behavior: The Role of Literacy, Information and Financial Education Programs," CeRP Working Papers 65, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
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