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Education Vouchers in Spain: The Valencian Experience

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  • Rafael Granell

Abstract

This paper presents a description and an economic evaluation of the first Spanish education voucher programme: the nursery voucher system in Valencia. This programme began in 1992 with a moderate budget, but has been slowly developing and at present sets aside 3,282,000€ (2,898,000$)1 to finance the education of more than 5,000 children. This evaluation focuses on the two main objectives proposed by the local government: equality of opportunity in access to education and parental choice. The analysis of the data of the school year 1998-1999 shows that vouchers allow a number of poor children to be schooled as well as allowing a number of parents to choose the school they prefer. However, due to the characteristics and limitations of the Valencian system, these effects are not as significant as may have been expected. Moreover, parents have stated their preference for other public financing mechanisms, such as public provision or subsidies to private schools.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Granell, 2002. "Education Vouchers in Spain: The Valencian Experience," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(2), pages 119-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:edecon:v:10:y:2002:i:2:p:119-132
    DOI: 10.1080/09645290210126878
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Rangazas, 1997. "Competition and Private School Vouchers," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 245-263.
    2. Levin, Henry M., 1991. "The economics of educational choice," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 137-158, June.
    3. Douglas. Lamdin & Micheal Mintrom, 1997. "School Choice in Theroy and Practise: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 211-244.
    4. West, Edwin G, 1997. "Education Vouchers in Principle and Practice: A Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 12(1), pages 83-103, February.
    5. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fuenmayor, A. & Granell,R. & Villarreal, E, 2003. "Determinantes de la elección de centro educativo por parte de los padres," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 21, pages 377-389, Agosto.
    2. Yuen, Gail & Lam, Mei Seung, 2017. "Mothers' experiences of a voucher scheme within the context of Hong Kong's early education: Issues of affordability and justice," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 185-194.
    3. Amadeo Fuenmayor & Rafael Granell & María Angeles Tortosa, 2016. "Quasi-markets Targets and the Evaluation of Nursing-home Funding in the Valencian Region," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 216(1), pages 13-38, March.

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