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Optimal versus adequate level of international reserves: evidence for Turkey

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  • Suheyla Ozyildirim
  • Bulent Yaman

Abstract

The determination of international reserve balance for emerging economies is part of the efforts to strengthen the immunity of these economies to crises. However, there is still evidence on crises even for the countries with large foreign reserves. It has usually been experienced that the countries with greatest need for reserves economize more than others on their holdings since they might underestimate the cost of crisis. In this study, the official international reserves of Turkey are tested against optimality and adequacy. During 1988-2002, the actual reserves fell short of both the optimal and the adequate levels. They are only optimal when the expected cumulative contraction is about 5.2% of real GDP under crisis. However, early evidence from emerging economies and Turkey show that crises hit more heavily. Hence, it is found that the current financial structure in Turkey such as the absence of capital controls and a highly dollarized banking system necessitates more foreign reserves for preventing any future economic and/or financial shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Suheyla Ozyildirim & Bulent Yaman, 2005. "Optimal versus adequate level of international reserves: evidence for Turkey," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(13), pages 1557-1569.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:37:y:2005:i:13:p:1557-1569
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840500166373
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Childs, Jason, 2009. "Rate of return parity and currency crises in experimental asset markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 157-170, February.
    2. Marco Antônio F. de H. Cavalcanti & Christian Vonbun, 2007. "Reservas internacionais ótimas para o Brasil: uma análise simples de custo-benefício para o período 1999-2007," Discussion Papers 1315, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    3. Min B. Shrestha & Theresia A. Wansi, "undated". "Drivers of Reserves Accumulation in the South East Asian Countries," Working Papers wp02, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre.
    4. K.P., Prabheesh, 2013. "Optimum international reserves and sovereign risk: Evidence from India," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 76-86.

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