Modelling zero values and protest responses in contingent valuation surveys
In contingent valuation surveys the category of zero bidders refers to individuals that are not willing to pay anything for the programme under analysis. Specific questions can help to identify true zero values, coming from people that are indifferent to the programme, separately from protest responses: the latter are generally excluded from the analysis. This paper introduces a mixture-sample selection model that takes into account both zero values and protest responses in the estimates. The model is applied to the valuation of a traffic calming scheme aimed at reducing risks for residents in three villages in the north-east of England.
Volume (Year): 35 (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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- Trudy Ann Cameron, 1991. "Interval Estimates of Non-Market Resource Values from Referendum Contingent Valuation Surveys," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 67(4), pages 413-421.
- P. Calia & E. Strazzera, 1999. "A Sample Selection Model for Protest Non-Response Votes in Contingent Valuation Analyses," Working Paper CRENoS 199905, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
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- Francis Vella, 1998. "Estimating Models with Sample Selection Bias: A Survey," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(1), pages 127-169.
- Bengt Kristr�m, 1997. "Spike Models in Contingent Valuation," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(3), pages 1013-1023.
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