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Asymmetric correlations in equity returns: a fundamental-based explanation


  • Liang Ding
  • Hiroyoki Miyake
  • Hao Zou


Many studies have shown that the correlation of stock portfolio returns is higher during market downturns, while very few of them offer an explanation for the causes of such an asymmetry. This article examines potential fundamental causes for the phenomenon. We find that such an asymmetry is caused by the following sources during market downturns: increasing common fundamental risk, higher correlation of individual fundamental risk and more sensitive loadings of these risk factors. We also find that these fundamental factors can only partially explain the asymmetric correlation. Possible mechanisms for these sources to drive the asymmetry are also discussed in the article.

Suggested Citation

  • Liang Ding & Hiroyoki Miyake & Hao Zou, 2011. "Asymmetric correlations in equity returns: a fundamental-based explanation," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(6), pages 389-399.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:21:y:2011:i:6:p:389-399 DOI: 10.1080/09603107.2010.532106

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Chen & Ni, Zhiwei & Ni, Liping, 2016. "Asymmetric multiscale behavior in PM2.5 time series: Based on asymmetric MS-DFA," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 461(C), pages 355-365.
    2. Ruan, Qingsong & Huang, Ying & Jiang, Wei, 2016. "The exceedance and cross-correlations between the gold spot and futures markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 463(C), pages 139-151.
    3. Zhang, Chen & Ni, Zhiwei & Ni, Liping & Li, Jingming & Zhou, Longfei, 2016. "Asymmetric multifractal detrending moving average analysis in time series of PM2.5 concentration," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 457(C), pages 322-330.
    4. Joëts, Marc, 2014. "Energy price transmissions during extreme movements," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 392-399.
    5. repec:ipg:wpaper:28 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:ipg:wpaper:2013-028 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Lyócsa, Štefan & Výrost, Tomáš & Baumöhl, Eduard, 2011. "The instability of the correlation structure of the S&P 500," MPRA Paper 34160, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Marc Joëts, 2013. "Energy price transmissions during extreme movements," Working Papers 2013-28, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    9. Cao, Guangxi & Cao, Jie & Xu, Longbing & He, LingYun, 2014. "Detrended cross-correlation analysis approach for assessing asymmetric multifractal detrended cross-correlations and their application to the Chinese financial market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 393(C), pages 460-469.

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