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Relative changes in gender and race-based earnings costs, 1970-1995

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  • Garey Durden
  • Patricia Gaynor

Abstract

The major purpose of this paper is to determine absolute and relative changes in gender and race based, inflation-adjusted earnings costs over the period 1970-1995. Yearly estimated earnings comparisons of white males with white females, African-American males and females suggest that total earnings gaps have narrowed considerably. For African-American males, remaining costs are mostly associated with labour market and other measurable differences. For white and African-American females, however, the unexplained, possibly discriminatory portion of the earnings gap has increased in absolute (as compared to white males) and relative terms (as compared to African-American males).

Suggested Citation

  • Garey Durden & Patricia Gaynor, 2000. "Relative changes in gender and race-based earnings costs, 1970-1995," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(6), pages 401-404.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:7:y:2000:i:6:p:401-404
    DOI: 10.1080/135048500351357
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francine D. Blau & Andrea H. Beller, 1988. "Trends in Earnings Differentials by Gender, 1971–1981," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 41(4), pages 513-529, July.
    2. Mary Corcoran & Greg J. Duncan, 1979. "Work History, Labor Force Attachment, and Earnings Differences between the Races and Sexes," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(1), pages 3-20.
    3. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    4. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    5. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    6. Cotton, Jeremiah, 1988. "On the Decomposition of Wage Differentials," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 236-243, May.
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