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Artisanal versus industrial mining: impacts on poverty in regions of Burkina Faso


  • Youmanli Ouoba

    (University of Ouaga 2)


The impact of industrial mining and artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) on poverty is generally analyzed at local level, with very little consideration of the impact on the regional level. The multi-level and multidimensional nature of the phenomenon of poverty requires a multifaceted analysis. The aim of this work is to analyze the impact of ASM and industrial mining on poverty at the regional level in Burkina Faso for the period 2003–2014. The econometric results indicate that neither ASM nor industrial mining has a significant effect on the incidence of poverty at regional level. In addition, the effect of industrial mining on access to basic services is insignificant. However, the results reveal that mining conflicts increase the incidence of poverty as well as the rate of access to improved water services. The positive relationship between mining conflicts and water services suggests that providing socioeconomic infrastructures to communities is a requirement to prevent mining conflicts.

Suggested Citation

  • Youmanli Ouoba, 2017. "Artisanal versus industrial mining: impacts on poverty in regions of Burkina Faso," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 30(3), pages 181-191, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:minecn:v:30:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s13563-017-0117-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s13563-017-0117-8

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    2. Luisito Bertinelli & Arnaud Bourgain, 2021. "Impact of mining boom on the quality of public goods in Sub-Saharan Africa," DEM Discussion Paper Series 21-13, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.

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    More about this item


    Artisanal mining; Industrial mining; Poverty; Mining conflicts; Burkina Faso;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L72 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Other Nonrenewable Resources
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)


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