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Network dependence in multi-indexed data on international trade flows

Author

Listed:
  • Manfred M. Fischer

    (Vienna University of Economics and Business)

  • James P. LeSage

    (Texas State University)

Abstract

Faced with the problem that conventional multidimensional fixed effects models only focus on unobserved heterogeneity, but ignore any potential cross-sectional dependence due to network interactions, we introduce a model of trade flows between countries over time that allows for network dependence in flows, based on sociocultural connectivity structures. We show that conventional multidimensional fixed effects model specifications exhibit cross-sectional dependence between countries that should be modeled to avoid simultaneity bias. Given that the source of network interaction is unknown, we propose a panel gravity model that examines multiple network interaction structures, using Bayesian model probabilities to determine those most consistent with the sample data. This is accomplished with the use of computationally efficient Markov Chain Monte Carlo estimation methods that produce a Monte Carlo integration estimate of the log-marginal likelihood that can be used for model comparison. Application of the model to a panel of trade flows points to network spillover effects, suggesting the presence of network dependence and biased estimates from conventional trade flow specifications. The most important sources of network dependence were found to be membership in trade organizations, historical colonial ties, common currency, and spatial proximity of countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Manfred M. Fischer & James P. LeSage, 2020. "Network dependence in multi-indexed data on international trade flows," Journal of Spatial Econometrics, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-26, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jospat:v:1:y:2020:i:1:d:10.1007_s43071-020-00005-w
    DOI: 10.1007/s43071-020-00005-w
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    3. Yuxue Sheng & James Paul LeSage, 2021. "Interpreting spatial regression models with multiplicative interaction explanatory variables," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 333-360, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Origin-destination panel data flows; Cross-sectional dependence; MCMC estimation; Log-marginal likelihood; Gravity models of trade; Sociocultural distance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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